MW: The Material World

MW.A: Properties

MW.A.1: Properties of matter

MW.A.1.c: Temperature

MW.A.1.c.i: Describes the effect of heat on the degree of agitation of particles

 Temperature and Particle Motion

MW.A.1.c.ii: Defines temperature as a measurement of the degree of agitation of particles

 Temperature and Particle Motion

MW.A.1.d: States of matter

MW.A.1.d.i: Names the different phase changes of matter (vaporization, condensation, freezing, melting, deposition, sublimation)

 Freezing Point of Salt Water
 Phase Changes

MW.A.1.e: Acidity/alkalinity

MW.A.1.e.ii: Determines the acidity or alkalinity of common substances (e.g. water, lemon juice, vinegar, soft drinks, milk of magnesia, cleaners)

 pH Analysis
 pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

MW.A.1.f: Characteristic properties

MW.A.1.f.ii: Identifies groups of substances based on their common characteristic properties (e.g. acids turn litmus red)

 pH Analysis
 pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

MW.A.2: Characteristic physical properties

MW.A.2.c: Density

MW.A.2.c.i: Explains the concept of density

 Density Laboratory

MW.A.2.c.ii: Determines the density of different substances

 Density Laboratory

MW.A.2.c.iii: Identifies liquid and solid substances by their density using a reference document

 Density Laboratory

MW.A.2.d: Solubility

MW.A.2.d.i: Defines the concept of solubility

 Solubility and Temperature

MW.A.2.d.ii: Describes the effect of variations in temperature on the solubility of a substance

 Solubility and Temperature

MW.A.3: Properties of solutions

MW.A.3.g: pH scale

MW.A.3.g.i: Describes the pH scale (acidity, alkalinity, neutrality, increasing and decreasing values)

 pH Analysis
 pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

MW.A.3.g.ii: Determines the pH of a few common substances (e.g. distilled water, rainwater, saliva, lemon juice, cleaners)

 pH Analysis
 pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

MW.A.3.h: Electrolytic dissociation

MW.A.3.h.i: Describes electrolytic dissociation

 Titration

MW.A.3.i: Ions

MW.A.3.i.i: Defines the concept of ion

 Element Builder

MW.B: Changes

MW.B.1: Changes in matter

MW.B.1.a: Conservation of matter

MW.B.1.a.i: Demonstrates that matter is conserved during a chemical change (e.g. conservation of mass in a precipitation reaction)

 Chemical Changes
 Chemical Equations

MW.B.1.e: Particle model

MW.B.1.e.i: Defines the particle model as a means of representing the behaviour of matter

 Temperature and Particle Motion

MW.B.2: Physical changes

MW.B.2.a: Physical changes

MW.B.2.a.ii: Recognizes different physical changes (e.g. phase changes, preparation or separation of a mixture)

 Phase Changes

MW.B.2.d: Phase changes

MW.B.2.d.ii: Explains phase changes using the particle model

 Phase Changes

MW.B.3: Chemical changes

MW.B.3.a: Chemical changes

MW.B.3.a.i: Describes the indicators of a chemical change (formation of a precipitate, effervescence, colour change, heat, light)

 Chemical Changes

MW.B.3.a.ii: Explains a chemical change based on the changes in the properties of the substances involved

 Chemical Changes

MW.B.3.a.iii: Names different types of chemical changes (e.g. decomposition, oxidation)

 Chemical Changes
 Chemical Equations

MW.B.3.a.iv: Names chemical changes that occur in the human body (e.g. respiration, digestion)

 Digestive System

MW.B.3.b: Decomposition and synthesis

MW.B.3.b.i: Represents a decomposition or synthesis reaction using the particle model

 Balancing Chemical Equations
 Chemical Equations

MW.B.3.b.ii: Associates known chemical reactions with decomposition or synthesis reactions (e.g. respiration, photosynthesis, combustion, digestion)

 Balancing Chemical Equations
 Cell Energy Cycle
 Chemical Changes
 Chemical Equations
 Dehydration Synthesis
 Equilibrium and Concentration

MW.B.3.e: Combustion

MW.B.3.e.i: Describes the perceivable manifestations of rapid combustion (e.g. heat, light)

 Chemical Equations

MW.B.3.e.ii: Explains a combustion reaction using the fire triangle

 Chemical Equations

MW.B.3.g: Acid-base neutralization reaction

MW.B.3.g.i: Gives examples of acid-base neutralization reactions (e.g. adding lime to neutralize the acidity of a lake)

 Titration

MW.B.3.g.ii: Names the products formed during acid-base neutralization (salt and water)

 Titration

MW.B.3.g.iii: Recognizes an acid-base neutralization from its equation

 Titration

MW.B.3.j: Law of conservation of mass

MW.B.3.j.i: Explains the law of conservation of mass during a chemical reaction

 Chemical Changes
 Chemical Equations

MW.B.3.j.ii: Represents the conservation of mass using the particle model

 Chemical Equations

MW.B.3.k: Balancing chemical equations

MW.B.3.k.i: Balances chemical equations

 Balancing Chemical Equations
 Chemical Equations

MW.B.5: Transformation of energy

MW.B.5.a: Forms of energy

MW.B.5.a.i: Describes different forms of energy (chemical, thermal, mechanical, radiation)

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Herschel Experiment
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

MW.B.5.b: Law of conservation of energy

MW.B.5.b.i: Explains qualitatively the law of conservation of energy

 Air Track
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

MW.B.5.b.ii: Applies the law of conservation of energy in different contexts

 Air Track
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

MW.B.5.c: Energy efficiency

MW.B.5.c.i: Defines the energy efficiency of a device or system as the proportion of energy consumed that is transformed into effective work (amount of useful energy / amount of energy consumed x100)

 Pulley Lab

MW.B.5.d: Distinction between heat and temperature

MW.B.5.d.i: Describes heat as a manifestation of energy

 Energy Conversion in a System

MW.B.5.d.ii: Describes the relationship between heat and temperature

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Temperature and Particle Motion

MW.C: Organization

MW.C.1: Structure of matter

MW.C.1.b: Molecule

MW.C.1.b.i: Describes a molecule using Dalton's atomic model (combination of atoms linked by chemical bonds)

 Covalent Bonds
 Ionic Bonds

MW.C.1.g: Groups and periods

MW.C.1.g.i: Locates the groups and periods in the periodic table

 Electron Configuration
 Ionic Bonds

MW.C.1.g.ii: Describes the common characteristics of a group (e.g. number of valence electrons, chemical reactivity)

 Electron Configuration
 Ionic Bonds

MW.C.1.g.iii: Associates the number of electron shells in an element with the number of its period

 Electron Configuration

MW.C.1.h: Rutherford-Bohr atomic model

MW.C.1.h.i: Describes the Rutherford-Bohr atomic model

 Element Builder

MW.C.1.h.ii: Represents atoms using the Rutherford-Bohr model

 Element Builder

MW.C.1.k: Lewis notation

MW.C.1.k.i: Determines the number of valence electrons in an element

 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder

MW.C.1.k.ii: Represents atoms using Lewis notation

 Covalent Bonds
 Element Builder
 Ionic Bonds

MW.E: Waves

MW.E.a: Frequency

MW.E.a.i: Defines the frequency of a wave as the number of cycles per second (Hz)

 Longitudinal Waves
 Refraction
 Ripple Tank

MW.E.a.ii: Associates the frequency of a sound wave with the pitch of the sound (e.g. a low-frequency wave produces a low-pitched sound)

 Longitudinal Waves

MW.E.c: Amplitude

MW.E.c.i: Defines the amplitude of a sound wave as the loudness of the sound

 Longitudinal Waves

MW.E.e: Electromagnetic spectrum

MW.E.e.i: Locates different areas on the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g. radio waves, visible light, X-rays)

 Herschel Experiment

MW.E.g: Focal point of a lens

MW.E.g.i: Determines the focal point of concave and convex lenses

 Ray Tracing (Lenses)

MW.E.g.ii: Describes the relationship between the focal point of a lens and the degree of deviation of light rays in different situations (e.g. accommodation of the crystalline lens, choice of corrective lenses)

 Ray Tracing (Lenses)

MW.F: Electricity and electromagnetism

MW.F.1: Electricity

MW.F.1.c: Ohm's law

MW.F.1.c.i: Describes qualitatively the relationship between voltage, resistance and current intensity in an electrical circuit

 Advanced Circuits
 Circuits

MW.F.1.c.ii: Applies the mathematical relationship between voltage, resistance and current intensity in an electrical circuit (V = RI)

 Advanced Circuits
 Circuits

MW.F.1.d: Electrical circuits

MW.F.1.d.i: Describes the function of different elements of an electrical circuit (e.g. the wires transmit electrons along the circuit, resistors transform electrical energy into another form of energy)

 Advanced Circuits
 Circuits

MW.F.1.d.iv: Represents a simple electrical circuit using a diagram

 Advanced Circuits
 Circuits

LW: The Living World

LW.A: Diversity of life forms

LW.A.1: Ecology

LW.A.1.c: Species

LW.A.1.c.i: Names the characteristics that define a species (common physical characteristics; natural, viable and fertile reproduction)

 Dichotomous Keys

LW.A.1.d: Population

LW.A.1.d.i: Distinguishes between a population and a species

 Food Chain

LW.A.1.d.ii: Calculates the number of individuals of a species in a given territory

 Food Chain

LW.A.1.e: Study of populations

LW.A.1.e.i: Describes a given population (density, distribution, biological cycles)

 Food Chain

LW.A.1.e.ii: Describes the influence of biotic or abiotic factors on the biological cycles of a population (natality, mortality, immigration, emigration)

 Food Chain
 Natural Selection

LW.A.1.e.iv: Defines a community as a group of populations that interact

 Food Chain

LW.A.1.e.v: Defines an ecosystem as the relationships between the individuals in a community and abiotic factors in the environment

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

LW.A.1.f: Dynamics of communities

LW.A.1.f.i.: Defines the biodiversity of a community as the relative abundance of species it comprises

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors

LW.A.1.f.ii.: Defines a disturbance in a community

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Food Chain
 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Food Chain

LW.A.1.g: Dynamics of ecosystems

LW.A.1.g.i.: Describes the trophic levels (producers, consumers, decomposers)

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Forest Ecosystem

LW.A.1.g.ii.: Defines primary productivity as the quantity of organic matter produced by plants in a given territory

 Forest Ecosystem
 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem

LW.A.1.g.iii.: Describes material and energy flow in an ecosystem

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Food Chain

LW.A.1.g.iv.: Describes certain processes underlying chemical recycling (e.g. action of microorganisms and decomposers, erosion)

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Forest Ecosystem

LW.A.2: Diversity of life forms

LW.A.2.a: Physical and behavioural adaptation

LW.A.2.a.i: Describes physical adaptations that enable animals and plants to improve their chances of survival (e.g. coat colour matched to the environment, shape of leaves)

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
 Natural Selection
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

LW.A.2.b: Evolution

LW.A.2.b.i: Describes the stages in the evolution of living organisms

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection

LW.A.2.b.ii: Explains the natural selection process

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
 Microevolution
 Natural Selection
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

LW.A.2.c: Taxonomy

LW.A.2.c.ii: Identifies a species using a taxonomic key

 Dichotomous Keys

LW.A.2.d: Genes and chromosomes

LW.A.2.d.i: Locates chromosomes in the cell

 Human Karyotyping

LW.A.2.d.ii: Defines a gene as part of a chromosome

 Human Karyotyping

LW.A.2.d.iii: Describes the role of genes (transmission of hereditary characteristics)

 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

LW.B: Life-sustaining processes

LW.B.a: Characteristics of living things

LW.B.a.i: Describes certain characteristics common to all living things (nutrition, relationships, adaptation, reproduction)

 Dichotomous Keys

LW.B.b: Plant and animal cells

LW.B.b.ii: Names vital functions carried out by cells

 Paramecium Homeostasis

LW.B.d: Inputs and outputs (energy, nutrients, waste)

LW.B.d.i: Names cellular inputs

 Cell Energy Cycle

LW.B.d.ii: Names cellular outputs

 Cell Energy Cycle

LW.B.e: Osmosis and diffusion

LW.B.e.i: Distinguishes between osmosis and diffusion

 Osmosis

LW.B.f: Photosynthesis and respiration

LW.B.f.i: Names the inputs and outputs involved in photosynthesis

 Cell Energy Cycle

LW.B.f.ii: Represents the photosynthesis reaction in a balanced equation

 Cell Energy Cycle

LW.B.f.iii: Names the inputs and outputs involved in respiration

 Cell Energy Cycle

LW.B.f.iv: Represents the respiration reaction in a balanced equation

 Cell Energy Cycle

LW.C: Tissues, organs and systems

LW.C.b: Organs

LW.C.b.i: Defines an organ as a differentiated part of an organism that performs one or more specific functions

 Digestive System

LW.C.c: Systems

LW.C.c.i: Defines a biological system as a set of cells, tissues or organs that perform one or more common functions

 Digestive System

LW.C.c.ii: Describes the main functions performed by the human body (nutrition, relationships, reproduction)

 Digestive System

LW.D: Systems

LW.D.1: Digestive system

LW.D.1.a: Digestive tract

LW.D.1.a.i: Names the main parts of the digestive tract (mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus)

 Digestive System

LW.D.1.a.ii: Explains the role of the digestive tract (decomposition of food, absorption of nutrients and water, elimination of waste)

 Digestive System

LW.D.1.a.iii: Describes the functions of the main organs that make up the digestive tract (mouth, stomach, small intestine, large intestine)

 Digestive System

LW.D.1.b: Digestive glands

LW.D.1.b.i: Names the main digestive glands (salivary glands, gastric glands, pancreas, liver, intestinal glands)

 Digestive System

LW.D.1.b.ii: Describes the function of the main digestive glands (e.g. secretion of saliva, gastric enzymes, digestive juices, bile)

 Digestive System

LW.D.1.d: Energy value of different foods

LW.D.1.d.i: Evaluates the energy and nutritional value of different foods

 Food Chain

LW.D.2: Respiratory and circulatory systems

LW.D.2.b: Functions of blood constituents

LW.D.2.b.i: Describes the main function of plasma (transportation of the blood's soluble and formed elements)

 Circulatory System

LW.D.2.d: Circulatory system

LW.D.2.d.i: Names the main parts of the circulatory system (heart, types of blood vessels, pulmonary and systemic circulation)

 Circulatory System

LW.D.2.d.ii: Explains the role of the circulatory system (transportation and exchange of gases, nutrients and waste)

 Circulatory System

LW.D.2.d.iii: Describes the function of the main parts of the circulatory system (heart, arteries and veins, capillaries)

 Circulatory System

LW.E: Survival of species

LW.E.2: Cell division

LW.E.2.a: DNA

LW.E.2.a.i: Describes the shape of DNA (double helix)

 Building DNA

LW.E.2.a.ii: Explains the role of DNA (a molecule bearing the organism's genetic code)

 Building DNA

LW.E.2.b: Mitosis

LW.E.2.b.i: Describes the functions of mitosis (reproduction, growth, regeneration)

 Cell Division

LW.E.2.c: Meiosis and sexual development (meiosis, fertilization)

LW.E.2.c.ii: Indicates the advantages of sexual development (e.g. blending of genes from both parents, difference between descendants and their parents)

 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

ES: The Earth and Space

ES.A: Characteristics of the Earth

ES.A.2: Lithosphere

ES.A.2.a: General characteristics of the lithosphere

ES.A.2.a.ii: Describes the main relationships between the lithosphere and human activity (e.g. survival, agriculture, mining, land-use planning)

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

ES.A.2.p: Biogeochemical cycles

ES.A.2.p.i.: Describes transformations related to the circulation of carbon (e.g. photosynthesis, plant decomposition, dissolution in water, combustion of fossil fuels)

 Carbon Cycle
 Cell Energy Cycle

ES.A.4: Atmosphere

ES.A.4.b: Greenhouse effect

ES.A.4.b.i: Describes the greenhouse effect

 Carbon Cycle
 Greenhouse Effect

ES.A.5: Climate zone

ES.A.5.c: Marine biomes

ES.A.5.c.i: Describes different marine biomes (e.g. fauna, flora, temperature, salinity)

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Dichotomous Keys

ES.B: Geological and geophysical phenomena

ES.B.a: Tectonic plate

ES.B.a.i: Describes the main elements of the theory of tectonic plates (e.g. plate, subduction zone, mid-oceanic ridge)

 Plate Tectonics

ES.B.b: Orogenesis

ES.B.b.i: Describes the formation of mountains, folding and breaks (tectonic plate movements)

 Plate Tectonics

ES.B.c: Volcano

ES.B.c.i: Describes a volcanic eruption

 Plate Tectonics

ES.B.c.ii: Describes the geographical distribution of volcanoes

 Plate Tectonics

ES.B.d: Earthquake

ES.B.d.i: Describes the processes that cause earthquakes (e.g. tectonic plate movements, slides)

 Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
 Plate Tectonics

ES.B.h: Natural energy sources

ES.B.h.i: Describes the role of solar energy as a natural energy source (e.g. wind, tornadoes, hurricanes, storms)

 Seasons Around the World

ES.C: Astronomical phenomena

ES.C.1: Concepts related to astronomy

ES.C.1.b: Earth-Moon system

ES.C.1.b.i: Describes the tides in terms of the gravitational effect of the Earth-Moon system

 Tides

ES.C.1.c: Light

ES.C.1.c.i: Defines light as a form of radiant energy

 Herschel Experiment

ES.C.1.c.ii: Describes properties of light (propagation in a straight line, diffuse reflection by surfaces)

 Refraction
 Ripple Tank

ES.C.1.c.iii: Explains different phenomena using the properties of light (cycles of day and night, seasons, phases of the Moon, eclipses)

 Refraction
 Ripple Tank

ES.C.2: Solar system

ES.C.2.e: Seasons

ES.C.2.e.i: Explains the phenomenon of seasons in terms of the position of the Earth with respect to the Sun (tilt, revolution)

 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

ES.C.3: Space

ES.C.3.a: Scale of the universe

ES.C.3.a.iii.: Compares the relative distance between different celestial bodies (e.g. stars, nebulae, galaxies)

 H-R Diagram

T: Techniques

T.B: Science

T.B.d: Using measuring instruments

T.B.d.i: Adopts the appropriate position for reading an instrument

 Triple Beam Balance

T.B.d.ii: Measures the mass of a substance using a balance

 Triple Beam Balance

T.B.d.vi: Uses measuring instruments appropriately (e.g. ammeter, volumetric flask)

 Triple Beam Balance

S: Strategies

S.A: Exploration strategies

S.A.3: Referring to similar problems that have already been solved

 Estimating Population Size

S.A.4: Becoming aware of his or her previous representations

 Estimating Population Size

S.A.6: Formulating questions

 Pendulum Clock
 Sight vs. Sound Reactions

S.A.7: Putting forward hypotheses (e.g. individually, in teams, as a class)

 Pendulum Clock

S.A.8: Exploring various ways of solving the problem

 Estimating Population Size

S.A.9: Anticipating the results of his or her approach

 Pendulum Clock

S.A.12: Examining his or her mistakes in order to identify their source

 Pendulum Clock

S.A.13: Using different types of reasoning (e.g. induction, deduction, inference, comparison, classification)

 Pendulum Clock

S.A.14: Using empirical approaches (e.g. trial and error, analysis, exploration using one's senses)

 Pendulum Clock

S.A.15: Ensuring that the procedure is appropriate and safe and making the necessary adjustments

 Diffusion
 Seed Germination

S.A.17: Generalizing on the basis of several structurally similar cases

 Dichotomous Keys

S.B: Instrumentation strategies

S.B.3: Using technical design to illustrate a solution (e.g. diagrams, sketches, technical drawings)

 Trebuchet

S.B.4: Using different tools for recording information (e.g. diagrams, notes, graphs, procedures, logbook)

 Seasons Around the World
 Triple Beam Balance

S.C: Analytical strategies

S.C.2: Dividing a complex problem into simpler subproblems

 Estimating Population Size

Correlation last revised: 2/14/2013

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this province's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.