#### PH.1: The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes.

PH.1.c: information is recorded and presented in an organized format;

PH.1.f: models and simulations are used to visualize and explain phenomena, to make predictions from hypotheses, and to interpret data; and

#### PH.2: The student will investigate and understand how to analyze and interpret data.

PH.2.a: a description of a physical problem is translated into a mathematical statement in order to find a solution;

PH.2.b: relationships between physical quantities are determined using the shape of a curve passing through experimentally obtained data;

PH.2.c: the slope of a linear relationship is calculated and includes appropriate units;

PH.2.d: interpolated, extrapolated, and analyzed trends are used to make predictions; and

PH.2.e: situations with vector quantities are analyzed utilizing trigonometric or graphical methods.

#### PH.3: The student will investigate and demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science, scientific reasoning, and logic.

PH.3.b: analysis of how science explains and predicts relationships;

#### PH.5: The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes.

PH.5.a: linear motion;

PH.5.b: uniform circular motion;

PH.5.c: projectile motion;

PH.5.d: Newton?s laws of motion;

PH.5.e: gravitation;

PH.5.f: planetary motion; and

PH.5.g: work, power, and energy.

#### PH.6: The student will investigate and understand that quantities including mass, energy, momentum, and charge are conserved.

PH.6.a: kinetic and potential energy;

PH.6.b: elastic and inelastic collisions; and

#### PH.7: The student will investigate and understand that energy can be transferred and transformed to provide usable work.

PH.7.a: transfer and storage of energy among systems including mechanical, thermal, gravitational, electromagnetic, chemical, and nuclear systems; and

PH.7.b: efficiency of systems.

#### PH.8: The student will investigate and understand wave phenomena.

PH.8.a: wave characteristics;

PH.8.b: fundamental wave processes; and

#### PH.9: The student will investigate and understand that different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum are phenomena ranging from radio waves through visible light to gamma radiation.

PH.9.a: the properties, behaviors, and relative size of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays;

PH.9.b: wave/particle dual nature of light; and

#### PH.10: The student will investigate and understand how to use the field concept to describe the effects of gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces.

PH.10.a: inverse square laws (Newton?s law of universal gravitation and Coulomb?s law); and

PH.10.b: technological applications.

#### PH.11: The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components.

PH.11.a: Ohm?s law;

PH.11.b: series, parallel, and combined circuits;

PH.11.c: electrical power; and

PH.11.d: alternating and direct currents.

#### PH.12: The student will investigate and understand that extremely large and extremely small quantities are not necessarily described by the same laws as those studied in Newtonian physics.

PH.12.a: wave/particle duality;

PH.12.f: nuclear physics;

Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.