### 1: Kinematics

#### 1.1: Introducing Vector Quantities

1.1.3: use vectors to represent position, displacement, velocity, and acceleration

1.1.3.a: define scalar and vector quantity

1.1.3.b: distinguish between (among): clock reading and time interval; distance, position, and displacement; speed, velocity, and acceleration; fixed frame of reference and moving frame of reference

1.1.3.c: perform basic calculations to distinguish between average speed and average velocity

#### 1.2: Graphical and Algebraic Problem Solving

1.2.3: analyse and describe vertical motion as it applies to kinematics

#### 1.3: Vector Analysis

1.3.1: use vectors to represent position, displacement, velocity, and acceleration

1.3.1.b: add and subtract all vectors graphically

### 2: Dynamics

#### 2.1: Dynamics Introduction

2.1.1: explain how a major scientific milestone revolutionized thinking in dynamics

2.1.1.a: explain Galileo?s concept of inertia

2.1.1.b: explain the meaning of inertial mass and gravitational mass

2.1.2: use vectors to represent forces

2.1.2.b: distinguish between mass and weight

2.1.2.c: draw free-body diagrams representing contact and noncontact forces (Fn, Ff, Fa, Fg)

#### 2.2: Newton?s Laws

2.2.1: use vectors to represent forces

2.2.1.b: perform computations involving friction, normal force, and the coefficient of friction in one dimension

2.2.2: design an experiment, identifying and controlling major variables

2.2.2.a: design an experiment to determine the coefficient of static and kinetic friction

2.2.2.b: design an experiment to explore kinetic friction and contact area.

2.2.3: apply Newton?s laws of motion to explain inertia; the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration; and the interaction of forces between two objects

2.2.3.b: apply Newton?s second law to qualitatively and quantitatively describe the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration in one dimension

2.2.4: evaluate and select appropriate instruments for collecting evidence, and appropriate processes for problem solving, inquiring, and decision making

2.2.6: use instruments effectively and accurately for collecting data

2.2.9: apply Newton?s laws of motion to explain inertia; the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration; and the interaction of forces between two objects

2.2.9.a: apply Newton?s third law to identify action-reaction forces between two objects

2.2.9.b: apply Newton?s third law to calculations involving two objects acting in one dimension

#### 2.3: Momentum Introduction

2.3.1: apply Newton?s laws of motion to explain inertia; the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration; and the interaction of forces between two objects

2.3.1.a: define linear momentum

2.3.1.c: apply impulse-momentum theorem in problem situations

### 3: Momentum and Energy

#### 3.1: Technological Implications

3.1.4: explain the importance of using appropriate language and conventions when describing events related to momentum and energy

#### 3.2: Work, Power, and Efficiency

3.2.1: analyse quantitatively the relationships among force, displacement, and work

3.2.2: analyse common energy transformation situations using the closed system work-energy theorem

3.2.2.c: define gravitational potential (Eg)

3.2.2.d: analyse potential energy transformations (gravitational) related to the closed system work-energy theorem

3.2.3: analyse quantitatively the relationships among work, time, and power

3.2.5: design an experiment identifying and controlling major variables

3.2.7: use instruments effectively and accurately for collecting data

#### 3.3: Transformation, Total Energy, and Conservation

3.3.1: describe quantitatively mechanical energy as the sum of kinetic and potential energies

3.3.1.a: distinguish between conservative and nonconservative forces

3.3.1.b: solve problems using the law of conservation of mechanical energy involving:

3.3.1.b.1: gravitational potential / kinetic

3.3.1.b.3: all three forms of mechanical energy combined

3.3.3: analyse quantitatively the relationships among mass, height, speed, and heat energy using the law of conservation of energy

3.3.3.b: using the law of conservation of energy, solve problems that include changes in gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy

3.3.3.c: explain the role of friction and the loss of mechanical energy from a system

3.3.6: distinguish between problems that can be solved by the application of physics-related technologies and those that cannot

#### 3.4: Conservation of Momentum

3.4.2: apply quantitatively the laws of conservation of momentum to one dimensional collisions and explosions

### 4: Waves

#### 4.1: Fundamental Properties

4.1.1: formulate operational definitions of major variables

4.1.2: describe the production, characteristics, and behaviours of longitudinal and transverse mechanical waves

4.1.3: apply the wave equation to explain and predict the behaviour of waves

4.1.4: explain qualitatively and quantitatively the phenomena of wave interference, diffraction, reflection, and refraction, and the Doppler-Fizeau effect

4.1.4.a: explain the principle of superposition

4.1.4.b: explain how standing waves are formed

4.1.9: analyse society?s influence on scientific and technological endeavours

4.1.12: apply the laws of reflection and the laws of refraction to predict wave behaviour

4.1.13: hypothesize about wave behaviour, using available evidence and background information

#### 4.2: Sound Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation

4.2.1: compare and describe the properties of electromagnetic radiation and sound

4.2.2: describe how sound and electromagnetic radiation, as forms of energy, are produced and transmitted

4.2.2.b: describe how sound and electromagnetic radiation are transmitted

4.2.2.c: list the factors upon which the speed of sound depends

4.2.3: apply the laws of reflection and the laws of refraction to predict wave behaviour

4.2.3.a: explain qualitatively and quantitatively the beat frequency resulting from the interference of two sources of slightly different frequency

4.2.3.c: explain how standing waves are produced from resonance in closed and open air columns

4.2.3.d: perform calculations involving wavelength, frequency, speed, and column length for open and closed air columns

4.2.4: explain qualitatively and quantitatively the phenomena of wave interference, diffraction, reflection, and refraction, and the Doppler-Fizeau effect

4.2.4.a: explain the Doppler effect and sonic booms

4.2.4.b: explain the phenomenon of the sonic boom, describe the problems it causes, and explain how such problems can be minimized

4.2.4.c: explain how sound is reflected, and the process of echolocation

4.2.4.d: explain the law of reflection

4.2.4.e: explain quantitatively and qualitatively the refraction of light, index of refraction, Snell?s law, critical angle, and total internal reflection

Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019

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