1: Atoms, Elements, and Compounds

1.3: Properties of Matter

1.3.1: investigate materials and describe them in terms of their physical properties and chemical properties

1.3.1.a: distinguish between physical and chemical properties

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

1.3.1.b: list examples of physical and chemical properties. Include:

1.3.1.b.1: Physical

1.3.1.b.1.iii: electrical conductivity

Circuit Builder

1.3.1.b.1.iv: magnetism

Magnetic Induction

1.3.1.b.1.vi: density

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Density Laboratory

1.3.1.b.2: Chemical

1.3.1.b.2.i: combustibility

Chemical Equations

1.3.2: state a prediction and a hypothesis based on background information or an observed pattern of events

Seed Germination
Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

1.3.4: organize data using a format that is appropriate to the task or experiment

Diffusion
Seed Germination

1.4: Atomic Theory

1.4.2: identify major changes in atomic theory up to and including the Bohr model

1.4.2.a: describe the contribution of various individuals (scientists) to the development of current atomic theory. Include:

1.4.2.a.iv: Rutherford

Element Builder

1.4.2.a.v: Bohr

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction
Element Builder

1.4.4: use models in describing the structure and components of atoms

1.4.4.a: define atom

Element Builder

1.4.4.b: distinguish among protons, neutrons, and electrons in terms of their:

1.4.4.b.i: charge

Element Builder

1.5: Elements

1.5.1: explain the importance of using words that are scientifically appropriate

1.5.1.a: define element

Element Builder

1.5.2: identify and write chemical symbols for common elements. Include:

1.5.2.xvi: Silicon

Ionic Bonds

1.5.2.xx: Lead

Ionic Bonds

1.5.2.a: recognize that elements are represented by an internationally agreed upon system of symbols

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

1.5.2.b: identify each element symbol as either an uppercase symbol or an uppercase letter followed by a lower case letter.

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

1.6: Elements and the Periodic Table

1.6.1: describe and explain the role of collecting evidence, finding relationships, and proposing explanations in the development of the periodic table

1.6.1.a: identify the Periodic Table as a listing of all known elements

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

1.6.1.c: distinguish between atomic number and atomic mass

Element Builder

1.6.1.d: using atomic mass and atomic number for an element, determine its number of protons, electrons, and neutrons

Element Builder

1.6.2: using the Periodic Table, develop an understanding that the elements are grouped on the basis of similar characteristics. Include:

1.6.2.d: define family

Ionic Bonds

1.7: The Periodic Table and Atomic Theory

1.7.1: identify examples of common elements, and compare their characteristics and atomic structure

1.7.1.b: define valence energy level

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

1.7.1.c: define valence electron

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

1.7.1.d: draw Bohr-Rutherford diagrams for elements 1 to 18.

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction
Element Builder

1.7.1.e: identify the maximum number of electrons which exist in the first three energy levels

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction
Electron Configuration

1.7.2: interpret patterns and trends, and explain relationships among variables

1.7.2.a: make comparisons of energy level diagrams for elements from the same family (group)

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

1.8: Chemical Compounds

1.8.1: identify and write chemical formula of common compounds

1.8.1.b: identify whether a simple compound is ionic or molecular (covalent).

Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds

1.8.1.c: identify that a compound is represented by a combination of element symbols known as a chemical formula, which indicates the proportion in which the elements are present

Chemical Equations

1.9: Naming Chemical Compounds

1.9.1: identify and write chemical formula of common compounds

1.9.1.a: list chemical formulas for some common chemical ionic compounds. Include:

1.9.1.a.i: table salt or sodium chloride (NaCl)

Ionic Bonds

1.9.1.c: list chemical formulas for some common chemical molecular (covalent) compounds. Include:

1.9.1.c.i: sucrose or table sugar (C12H22O11)

Chemical Equations

1.9.1.d: name simple molecular (covalent) compounds

Covalent Bonds

1.10: Changes in Matter

1.10.1: describe changes in the properties of materials that result from some common chemical reactions

1.10.1.a: distinguish between physical and chemical changes

Chemical Changes
Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

1.11: Evidence of Change in Matter

1.11.1: describe changes in the properties of materials that result from some common chemical reactions

1.11.1.b: list examples of physical and chemical changes. Include:

Chemical Changes

1.11.1.c: Physical

1.11.1.c.i: change of state

Phase Changes

1.11.1.c.ii: cutting

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

1.11.1.d: Chemical

1.11.1.d.ii: fruit ripening

Chemical Changes

1.11.1.d.iii: combustion

Chemical Equations

1.11.1.e: list evidence that a chemical change may have occurred. Include:

1.11.1.e.v: process is difficult to reverse

Chemical Changes

1.11.3: identify new questions about physical and chemical changes that arise from investigations

Diffusion

1.11.4: organize data using a format that is appropriate to the task or experiment

Diffusion
Seed Germination

2: Reproduction

2.1: Function of the Nucleus

2.1.1: recognize that the nucleus of a cell contains genetic information and determines cellular processes

2.1.1.a: define traits

Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

2.1.1.b: define heredity

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

2.1.1.c: explain the role of the nucleus and its contents in determining traits and controlling cell division

Cell Division
RNA and Protein Synthesis

2.1.2: explain the importance of using the terms gene and chromosome properly

2.1.2.b: describe chromosomes as being composed of numerous genes

Human Karyotyping

2.2: Mutations

2.2.1: discuss factors that may lead to changes in a cellâ??s genetic information

2.2.1.a: define mutation

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection

2.2.2: give examples of mutations caused by:

2.2.2.ii: human activity

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection

2.3: The Cell Cycle and Mitosis

2.3.2: illustrate and describe the basic processes of cell division, including what happens to the cell membrane and the contents of the nucleus

2.3.2.a: define mitosis

Cell Division

2.3.2.b: state and briefly describe the four phases of mitosis followed by cytokinesis. Include:

2.3.2.b.i: Prophase

Cell Division

2.3.2.b.ii: Metaphase

Cell Division

2.3.2.b.iii: Anaphase

Cell Division

2.3.2.b.iv: Telophase

Cell Division

2.3.3: select and integrate information from various print and electronic sources to examine chromosomes

2.3.3.a: observe, identify, and describe a cell nucleus undergoing division

Cell Division

2.3.3.b: observe, identify, and describe chromosomes in each stage of mitosis.

Cell Division

2.4: Asexual Reproduction

2.4.3: interpret trends in data, and infer and explain relationships among the variables

Pendulum Clock
Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

2.5: Meiosis

2.5.1: illustrate and describe the basic processes of cell division, including what happens to the cell membrane and the content of the nucleus

2.5.1.a: state and briefly describe the eight phases of meiosis

Cell Division

2.5.1.b: define diploid

Human Karyotyping

2.5.1.c: define haploid

Human Karyotyping

2.5.5: organize data using a format that is appropriate to the task or experiment

Diffusion
Seed Germination

2.6: Sexual Reproduction

2.6.1: distinguish between sexual and asexual reproduction in representative organisms

2.6.1.a: explain how various organisms reproduce sexually. Include:

2.6.1.a.ii: flowering plant

Pollination: Flower to Fruit

2.6.2: compare sexual and asexual reproduction in terms of their advantages and disadvantages

2.6.2.b: compare the advantages and disadvantages of sexual and asexual reproduction. Include:

2.6.2.b.iii: genetic variety in offspring

Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

2.8: Modern Genetics

2.8.1: identify major shifts in scientific understanding of genetics. Include:

2.8.1.i: Mendelâ??s experiments

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

2.8.1.ii: Watson and Crickâ??s double helix model of DNA

Building DNA

2.8.2: provide examples of genetic conditions that cannot be cured using scientific and technological knowledge at the present time. Include:

2.8.2.i: Down syndrome

Human Karyotyping

3: Electricity

3.1: Static Electricity

3.1.1: explain the production of static electrical charges in some common materials

3.1.1.c: differentiate between static and current electricity using operational definitions

Electromagnetic Induction

3.1.1.d: describe the types of charges on objects. Include:

3.1.1.d.iii: neutral

Electromagnetic Induction

3.1.2: explain the production of static electrical charges in some common materials

3.1.2.a: define electric discharge

Electromagnetic Induction

3.2: Current Electricity

3.2.2: describe the flow of charge in an electric circuit

3.2.2.a: define electric circuit

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits
Electromagnetic Induction

3.2.2.b: identify that electric potential is provided at the source and â??usedâ?? by the circuit elements (a potential or voltage drop occurs)

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits

3.2.2.c: describe the parts of an electric circuit. Include:

3.2.2.c.i: source of electrical energy

Circuit Builder

3.2.2.c.ii: electrical load

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits
Electromagnetic Induction

3.2.2.c.iii: control/switch

Circuit Builder

3.2.2.c.iv: conductor

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits
Electromagnetic Induction

3.2.3: explain the importance of using precise language while studying the characteristics of electricity

3.2.3.a: define electric current

Electromagnetic Induction

3.2.4: compare (qualitatively) static electricity and electric current

Electromagnetic Induction

3.2.5: organize information using a format appropriate to studying and describing current electricity

3.2.5.a: create circuit diagrams using appropriate circuit symbols. Include symbols for:

3.2.5.a.i: bulb

Circuits

3.2.5.a.iii: battery

Circuits

3.2.5.a.iv: wires

Circuits

3.2.5.a.v: resistors

Circuits

3.2.5.a.vi: ammeter

Circuits

3.2.5.a.vii: voltmeter

Circuits

3.3: Resistance

3.3.2: state a prediction and a hypothesis based on background information or an observed pattern of events

Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

3.3.3: identify new questions and problems that arise from what was learned concerning voltage, current and resistance

3.3.3.a: state Ohmâ??s Law

Advanced Circuits
Circuits

3.3.8: describe positive and negative effects of parallel and series connections of resistors (or bulbs). Include:

3.3.8.a: describe the effect on the total resistance of the circuit as resistors are added:

3.3.8.a.i: in series

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits

3.3.8.a.ii: in parallel

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits

3.3.10: use instruments effectively and accurately for collecting data

Triple Beam Balance

3.3.13: describe pros and cons of parallel and series connections of cells

3.3.13.a: distinguish between series and parallel connections of cells

Circuit Builder
Circuits

3.3.13.c: indicate that parallel connections maintain the effective voltage, but the resulting battery life is lengthened

Circuits

3.3.16: analyze the design of technologies, how they function, and how they impact our daily lives. Include:

3.3.16.i: fuses

Advanced Circuits

3.3.17: describe series and parallel circuits, with a maximum of two resistors, involving varying resistance, voltage and current

Advanced Circuits
Circuits

3.3.18: interpret patterns and trends in data, and infer and explain relationships among the variables

Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

3.4: Power and Energy

3.4.1: relate electrical energy to domestic power consumption costs

3.4.1.c: define electrical power.

Household Energy Usage

3.4.3: explain the importance of using precise language in evaluating electrical energy costs

3.4.3.a: given power rating and time, determine electrical energy used

Household Energy Usage

3.4.8: compare examples of past and current technologies that used current electricity to meet similar needs

3.4.8.a: recognize that Energuide labels are used to aid customers

Electromagnetic Induction

3.5: Energy Generators

3.5.1: describe the transfer and conversion of energy from a generating station to the home

3.5.1.a: identify the components of an electrical generator. Include:

3.5.1.a.i: coil of wire

Electromagnetic Induction

3.5.1.a.ii: magnets

Electromagnetic Induction

3.5.1.b: describe different types of electrical generating stations. Include:

3.5.1.b.ii: thermal

Electromagnetic Induction

4: Space

4.2: Investigating Matter

4.2.2: identify that celestial bodies move in cyclic paths called orbits and that these orbits result from gravitational forces.

Phases of the Moon

4.2.3: identify that planets, suns, and moons revolve on a central axis.

Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases

4.3: Early Models of the Universe

4.3.1: describe theories on the formation of the solar system

4.3.1.a: describe the contributions made by various individuals to our knowledge and understanding of celestial bodies and their motions. Include:

4.3.1.a.v: Kepler

Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws

4.3.3: use instruments effectively and accurately for collecting data

Triple Beam Balance

4.3.4: organize data using a format that is appropriate to the task or experiment

Diffusion
Seed Germination

4.3.7: relate personal activities and various scientific and technological endeavours to specific

DNA Analysis

4.3.8: describe the science underlying particular technologies designed to explore natural phenomena, extend human capabilities, or solve practical problems

DNA Analysis

4.4: The Sunâ??s Effects on Earth

4.4.1: describe the effects of solar phenomena on Earth

4.4.1.a: define and describe how the following phenomena affect life on Earth

4.4.1.a.iii: solar radiation

Seasons Around the World

4.7: Technologies used to Explore Space

4.7.3: propose alternative solutions to a given practical problem, select one, and develop a plan

Estimating Population Size

4.7.4: test the design of a constructed device or system

Effect of Environment on New Life Form
Pendulum Clock
Seed Germination
Sight vs. Sound Reactions
Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

4.7.6: evaluate individual and group processes used in planning, problem solving, decision making, and completing a task

Estimating Population Size
Pendulum Clock

4.8: Theories for the Origin of the Universe

4.8.5: define and explain a light year

4.8.5.a: calculate the travel time to a distant star at a given speed.

H-R Diagram

4.9: Components of the Universe

4.9.1: describe and classify the major components of the universe. Include:

4.9.1.iii: giant stars

H-R Diagram

Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this province's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.