### 1: Kinematics

#### 1.1: Vector Analysis

1.1.3: use vectors to represent position, displacement, velocity, and acceleration

1.1.3.a: define scalar and vector quantities

1.1.3.b: distinguish between scalar and vector quantities, using distance and displacement, respectively, as examples

#### 1.2: Graphical Analysis

1.2.1: analyze graphically and mathematically the relationship among displacement, velocity, and time

1.2.1.a: explain how one can tell from the position-time graph whether the magnitude of an objectâ??s velocity is increasing, decreasing, or constant

1.2.1.b: using the sign convention that motion to the left is negative, determine the direction of motion of uniformly accelerating objects from its position-time graph and its velocity-time graph

1.2.1.c: given velocity-time graphs, tell if the velocity is increasing, decreasing or remaining constant

1.2.1.d: use a velocity-time graph for uniform acceleration to derive an equation for

1.2.1.d.i: displacement in terms of initial velocity (or final velocity), acceleration, and elapsed time

1.2.1.d.ii: relating final velocity, initial velocity, acceleration, and displacement

#### 1.3: Mathematical Analysis

1.3.1: analyse graphically and mathematically the relationship among displacement, velocity and time

1.3.4: carry out an experiment to investigate the motion of an object falling vertically near Earth

1.3.6: evaluate and select appropriate instruments for collecting evidence and appropriate proceses for problem solving, inquiring, and decision making

1.3.7: interpret trends in data, and infer or calculate relationships among variables

### 2: Dynamics

#### 2.1: Dynamics Introduction

2.1.4: use vectors to represent forces

2.1.4.a: draw free-body diagrams

2.1.4.b: explain what is meant by net force and apply it to several situations

#### 2.2: Newtonâ??s Laws

2.2.1: apply Newtonâ??s laws of motion to explain inertia; the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration; and the interaction of forces between two objects

2.2.1.a: state Newtonâ??s first law of motion, and describe applications

2.2.1.c: physically demonstrate the property of inertia

2.2.1.d: state Newtonâ??s second law of motion, and describe applications

2.2.1.e: explain how Newtonâ??s second law of motion may be used to define the Newton as a unit of force

2.2.1.f: given two of the net force, the mass, and the acceleration, or information from which they can be determined, calculate the third quantity

2.2.2: apply Newtonâ??s laws of motion to explain inertia; the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration; and the interaction of forces between two objects

2.2.2.a: state Newtonâ??s third law of motion, and describe applications

2.2.2.c: explain, qualitatively and quantitatively, what is meant by friction, and describe static and kinetic friction

2.2.2.e: solve exercises / problems involving Newtonâ??s laws of motion

2.2.3: investigate the relationship between acceleration and net force

2.2.4: evaluate and select appropriate instruments for collecting evidence and appropriate processes for problem solving, inquiring, and decision making

2.2.5: investigate the relationship between acceleration and mass, for a constant net force

2.2.6: use instruments effectively and accurately for collecting data

2.2.8: interpret patterns and trends in data, and infer or calculate linear and nonlinear relationships among variables

2.2.9: provide a statement that addresses the problem or answers the question investigated in light of the link between data and the conclusion

#### 2.3: Momentum Introduction

2.3.1: use Newtonâ??s second law to show how impulse is related to change in momentum

### 3: Work and Energy

#### 3.1: Work, Power, and Efficiency

3.1.1: analyse quantitatively the relationships among force, distance, and work

3.1.3: design and carry out an experiment to determine the efficiency of simple machines

#### 3.2: Transformation, Total Energy, and Conservation

3.2.1: analyse quantitatively the relationships among mass, speed, kinetic energy, and heat using the law of conservation of energy

3.2.1.a: define gravitational potential, elastic potential, and kinetic energies

3.2.1.b: relate energy transformations to work done

3.2.1.c: solve problems using the law of conservation of energy, including changes in gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, and kinetic energy

3.2.1.d: explain the role of friction and the loss of mechanical energy from a system

3.2.2: describe quantitatively mechanical energy as the sum of kinetic and potential energies

3.2.4: analyse quantitatively the relationships among mass, speed, and thermal energy, using the law of conservation of energy

3.2.5: analyse quantitatively problems related to kinematics and dynamics using the mechanical energy concept

3.2.6: analyse common energy transformation situations using the closed system work-energy theorem

3.2.8: determine the percent efficiency of energy transformation

3.2.9: design an experiment, select and use appropriate tools, carry out procedures, compile and organize data, and interpret patterns in the data to answer a question posed regarding the conservation of energy

3.2.10: distinguish between problems that can be solved by the application of physics-related technologies and those that cannot

### 4: Waves

#### 4.1: Fundamental Properties

4.1.1: describe the production, characteristics, and behaviours of longitudinal and transverse mechanical waves

4.1.2: formulate operational definition of major variables

4.1.2.a: describe how energy input affects the appearance/ behaviour of a wave

4.1.6: analyse societyâ??s influence on scientific and technological endeavours

4.1.9: apply the universal wave equation to explain and predict the behaviour of waves

4.1.11: apply the laws of reflection and the laws of refraction to predict wave behaviour

4.1.11.b: draw a diagram and explain the refraction of water waves passing from deep to shallow or shallow to deep water

4.1.12: state a prediction and a hypothesis about wave behaviour based on available evidence and background information

#### 4.2: Sound Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation

4.2.1: apply the laws of reflection and the laws of refraction to predict wave behaviour

4.2.2: explain qualitatively and quantitatively the phenomena of wave interference, diffraction, reflection, and refraction, and the Doppler-Fizeau effect

4.2.3: explain qualitatively and quantitatively the phenomena of wave interference, diffraction, reflection, and refraction, and the Doppler effect

4.2.4: apply the laws of reflection and the laws of refraction to predict wave behaviour

4.2.5: compare and describe the properties of electromagnetic radiation and sound

4.2.6: describe how sound and electromagnetic radiation, as forms of energy transfer, are produced and transmitted

4.2.6.a: describe how sound is produced, giving an example of each in nature and technology

4.2.6.b: describe how sound is transmitted

4.2.6.c: list the factors on which the speed of sound depends

4.2.6.d: produce beats (physically) using two sources of slightly different frequency

4.2.6.g: make use of the phenomenon of resonance in pipes to experimentally determine the speed of sound in air

Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this province's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.