New Brunswick Curriculum
1.1.1: Observe, identify and describe the events of the plant and animal cell cycle, including growth, cytokinesis and chromosome behaviour during mitosis.
1.1.2: Explain the role of chromosomes and the importance of maintaining the chromosome number through cellular reproduction.
1.1.4: Investigate the link between mitosis and cancer, including links to gene p53.
1.2.3: Describe and illustrate the role of chromosomes in the transmission of hereditary information from one cell to another.
1.2.5: Analyze and identify normal and abnormal human karyotypes.
1.2.6: Describe non-disjunction in human karyotypes and the conditions it may causes such as Downâ??s syndrome, and Turnerâ??s syndrome.
1.3.2: Identify and describe the structure and function of nucleic acids.
1.3.3: Describe the Watson and Crick double helix model of DNA.
1.3.4: Diagram and explain the process of DNA replication.
1.4.1: Compare and contrast the structure of DNA and tRNA, mRNA and rRNA explain their role in protein synthesis.
1.4.2: Demonstrate an understanding of the process of protein synthesis through illustrations and explanations.
1.4.3: Explain what is meant by a gene mutation and predict, in general, the effect on protein synthesis. Describe how a mutation can be a source of genetic variability.
1.5.1: Briefly describe the life and work of Gregor Mendel and the beginning of an understanding of the basis of inheritance patterns.
1.5.2: Demonstrate an understanding of Mendelian genetics, including the concepts of independent assortment, complete dominance, incomplete dominance, codominance.
1.5.4: Explain and illustrate how probability techniques are used to predict the outcome of various genetic crosses.
1.5.5: Predict the outcome of monohybrid and dihybrid crosses using genotypic and phenotypic ratios.
1.5.6: Demonstrate an understanding of polyploidy and its application in biotechnology.
1.6.1: Distinguish between genotypes and phenotypes evident in autosomal and sex-linked inheritance.
1.6.2: Define sex-linkage.
1.6.3: Explain why sex-linked defects are more common in males than females.
1.7.4: Demonstrate an understanding of genetic modifications found in a variety of organisms either through naturally occurring processes or through intervention by humans.
1.7.6: Research and demonstrate an in-depth understanding of current technologies in genetic engineering and the ways in which they are applied in various disciplines (e.g. in medicine, forensics and food production).
2.1.4: Define the terms evolution, variation, natural selection and adaptation and be able to give examples of where scientists have shown these processes to occur in the natural world.
2.1.5: Explain the modern theory of evolution, punctuated equilibrium, current examples of selective pressures (natural and artificial), and demonstrate an understanding of the scientific evidence to support it.
2.2.2: Analyze the role of sexually produced genetic variations and mutations in the process of natural selection.
2.2.3: Explain the Hardy-Weinberg principle, and its role in population genetics.
2.2.5: Extend their understanding of the Hardy-Weinberg principle by adding Chi-Square calculations.
3.2.4: Describe how the nervous system helps maintain homeostasis.
3.3.1: Identify the location and function of principal endocrine glands in humans, and identify hormones, their source gland, and their general effect on humans.
3.3.2: Describe how the endocrine system helps maintain homeostasis.
3.4.1: Analyze homeostatic phenomena to identify the feedback mechanisms involved in the endocrine system.
3.5.2: Describe the general structure and function of the eye: lens, iris, cornea, retina, vitreous fluid, choroid, fovea, rods, cones, blind spot.
3.6.2: Describe the structure of sperm.
3.6.5: Describe the structure of egg cells.
3.7.8: Describe techniques and technologies used to diagnose early genetic problems.
Correlation last revised: 1/23/2020