Next Generation Sunshine State Standards
SC.912.N.1: The Practice of Science
SC.912.N.1.A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.
SC.912.N.1.B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."
SC.912.N.1.C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.
SC.912.N.1.D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.
SC.912.N.1.1: Define a problem based on a specific body of knowledge, for example: biology, chemistry, physics, and earth/space science, and do the following:
SC.912.N.1.1.1: pose questions about the natural world,
SC.912.N.1.1.2: conduct systematic observations,
SC.912.N.1.1.3: examine books and other sources of information to see what is already known,
SC.912.N.1.1.4: review what is known in light of empirical evidence,
SC.912.N.1.1.5: plan investigations,
SC.912.N.1.1.6: use tools to gather, analyze, and interpret data (this includes the use of measurement in metric and other systems, and also the generation and interpretation of graphical representations of data, including data tables and graphs),
SC.912.N.1.1.7: pose answers, explanations, or descriptions of events,
SC.912.N.1.1.8: generate explanations that explicate or describe natural phenomena (inferences),
SC.912.N.1.1.9: use appropriate evidence and reasoning to justify these explanations to others,
SC.912.N.1.1.10: communicate results of scientific investigations, and
SC.912.N.1.1.11: evaluate the merits of the explanations produced by others.
SC.912.N.1.2: Describe and explain what characterizes science and its methods.
SC.912.N.1.3: Recognize that the strength or usefulness of a scientific claim is evaluated through scientific argumentation, which depends on critical and logical thinking, and the active consideration of alternative scientific explanations to explain the data presented.
SC.912.N.1.4: Identify sources of information and assess their reliability according to the strict standards of scientific investigation.
SC.912.N.1.5: Describe and provide examples of how similar investigations conducted in many parts of the world result in the same outcome.
SC.912.N.1.6: Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.
SC.912.N.1.7: Recognize the role of creativity in constructing scientific questions, methods and explanations.
SC.912.N.2: The Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge
SC.912.N.2.A: Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, and is appropriate for understanding the natural world, but it provides only a limited understanding of the supernatural, aesthetic, or other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, or religion.
SC.912.N.2.B: Scientific knowledge is durable and robust, but open to change.
SC.912.N.2.C: Because science is based on empirical evidence it strives for objectivity, but as it is a human endeavor the processes, methods, and knowledge of science include subjectivity, as well as creativity and discovery.
SC.912.N.2.2: Identify which questions can be answered through science and which questions are outside the boundaries of scientific investigation, such as questions addressed by other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, and religion.
SC.912.N.2.4: Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.
SC.912.N.3: The Role of Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, and Models
SC.912.N.3.1: Explain that a scientific theory is the culmination of many scientific investigations drawing together all the current evidence concerning a substantial range of phenomena; thus, a scientific theory represents the most powerful explanation scientists have to offer.
SC.912.N.3.5: Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.
SC.912.N.4: Science and Society
SC.912.N.4.1: Explain how scientific knowledge and reasoning provide an empirically-based perspective to inform society's decision making.
SC.912.N.4.2: Weigh the merits of alternative strategies for solving a specific societal problem by comparing a number of different costs and benefits, such as human, economic, and environmental.
SC.912.E.5: Earth in Space and Time
SC.912.E.5.1: Cite evidence used to develop and verify the scientific theory of the Big Bang (also known as the Big Bang Theory) of the origin of the universe.
SC.912.E.6: Earth Structures
SC.912.E.6.1: Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.
SC.912.E.6.3: Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.
SC.912.E.7: Earth Systems and Patterns
SC.912.E.7.1: Analyze the movement of matter and energy through the different biogeochemical cycles, including water and carbon.
SC.912.E.7.2: Analyze the causes of the various kinds of surface and deep water motion within the oceans and their impacts on the transfer of energy between the poles and the equator.
SC.912.E.7.4: Summarize the conditions that contribute to the climate of a geographic area, including the relationships to lakes and oceans.
SC.912.E.7.6: Relate the formation of severe weather to the various physical factors.
SC.912.E.7.7: Identify, analyze, and relate the internal (Earth system) and external (astronomical) conditions that contribute to global climate change.
SC.912.P.8.B: Electrons are key to defining chemical and some physical properties, reactivity, and molecular structures. Repeating (periodic) patterns of physical and chemical properties occur among elements that define groups of elements with similar properties. The periodic table displays the repeating patterns, which are related to the atom's outermost electrons. Atoms bond with each other to form compounds.
SC.912.P.8.C: In a chemical reaction, one or more reactants are transformed into one or more new products. Many factors shape the nature of products and the rates of reaction.
SC.912.P.8.1: Differentiate among the four states of matter.
SC.912.P.8.2: Differentiate between physical and chemical properties and physical and chemical changes of matter.
SC.912.P.8.3: Explore the scientific theory of atoms (also known as atomic theory) by describing changes in the atomic model over time and why those changes were necessitated by experimental evidence.
SC.912.P.8.4: Explore the scientific theory of atoms (also known as atomic theory) by describing the structure of atoms in terms of protons, neutrons and electrons, and differentiate among these particles in terms of their mass, electrical charges and locations within the atom.
SC.912.P.8.5: Relate properties of atoms and their position in the periodic table to the arrangement of their electrons.
SC.912.P.8.6: Distinguish between bonding forces holding compounds together and other attractive forces, including hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces.
SC.912.P.8.8: Characterize types of chemical reactions, for example: redox, acid-base, synthesis, and single and double replacement reactions.
SC.912.P.8.9: Apply the mole concept and the law of conservation of mass to calculate quantities of chemicals participating in reactions.
SC.912.P.8.11: Relate acidity and basicity to hydronium and hydroxyl ion concentration and pH.
SC.912.P.10.A: Energy is involved in all physical and chemical processes. It is conserved, and can be transformed from one form to another and into work. At the atomic and nuclear levels energy is not continuous but exists in discrete amounts. Energy and mass are related through Einstein's equation E=mc².
SC.912.P.10.C: Changes in entropy and energy that accompany chemical reactions influence reaction paths. Chemical reactions result in the release or absorption of energy.
SC.912.P.10.D: The theory of electromagnetism explains that electricity and magnetism are closely related. Electric charges are the source of electric fields. Moving charges generate magnetic fields.
SC.912.P.10.1: Differentiate among the various forms of energy and recognize that they can be transformed from one form to others.
SC.912.P.10.2: Explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by differentiating among open, closed, and isolated systems and explain that the total energy in an isolated system is a conserved quantity.
SC.912.P.10.3: Compare and contrast work and power qualitatively and quantitatively.
SC.912.P.10.4: Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, and radiation, and explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter.
SC.912.P.10.5: Relate temperature to the average molecular kinetic energy.
SC.912.P.10.7: Distinguish between endothermic and exothermic chemical processes.
SC.912.P.10.9: Describe the quantization of energy at the atomic level.
SC.912.P.10.10: Compare the magnitude and range of the four fundamental forces (gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear, strong nuclear).
SC.912.P.10.11: Explain and compare nuclear reactions (radioactive decay, fission and fusion), the energy changes associated with them and their associated safety issues.
SC.912.P.10.14: Differentiate among conductors, semiconductors, and insulators.
SC.912.P.10.15: Investigate and explain the relationships among current, voltage, resistance, and power.
SC.912.P.10.16: Explain the relationship between moving charges and magnetic fields, as well as changing magnetic fields and electric fields, and their application to modern technologies.
SC.912.P.10.19: Explain that all objects emit and absorb electromagnetic radiation and distinguish between objects that are blackbody radiators and those that are not.
SC.912.P.10.20: Describe the measurable properties of waves and explain the relationships among them and how these properties change when the wave moves from one medium to another.
SC.912.P.10.22: Construct ray diagrams and use thin lens and mirror equations to locate the images formed by lenses and mirrors.
SC.912.P.12.A: Motion can be measured and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Net forces create a change in motion. When objects travel at speeds comparable to the speed of light, Einstein's special theory of relativity applies.
SC.912.P.12.B: Momentum is conserved under well-defined conditions. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.
SC.912.P.12.C: The Law of Universal Gravitation states that gravitational forces act on all objects irrespective of their size and position.
SC.912.P.12.D: Gases consist of great numbers of molecules moving in all directions. The behavior of gases can be modeled by the kinetic molecular theory.
SC.912.P.12.E: Chemical reaction rates change with conditions under which they occur. Chemical equilibrium is a dynamic state in which forward and reverse processes occur at the same rates.
SC.912.P.12.2: Analyze the motion of an object in terms of its position, velocity, and acceleration (with respect to a frame of reference) as functions of time.
SC.912.P.12.3: Interpret and apply Newton's three laws of motion.
SC.912.P.12.4: Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between them.
SC.912.P.12.5: Apply the law of conservation of linear momentum to interactions, such as collisions between objects.
SC.912.P.12.10: Interpret the behavior of ideal gases in terms of kinetic molecular theory.
SC.912.P.12.11: Describe phase transitions in terms of kinetic molecular theory.
SC.912.P.12.12: Explain how various factors, such as concentration, temperature, and presence of a catalyst affect the rate of a chemical reaction.
SC.912.L.14: Organization and Development of Living Organisms
SC.912.L.14.A: Cells have characteristic structures and functions that make them distinctive.
SC.912.L.14.B: Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, reproduction, and homeostasis.
SC.912.L.14.D: Most multicellular organisms are composed of organ systems whose structures reflect their particular function.
SC.912.L.14.2: Relate structure to function for the components of plant and animal cells. Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (passive and active transport).
SC.912.L.14.3: Compare and contrast the general structures of plant and animal cells. Compare and contrast the general structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
SC.912.L.14.36: Describe the factors affecting blood flow through the cardiovascular system.
SC.912.L.14.45: Describe the histology of the alimentary canal and its associated accessory organs.
SC.912.L.14.46: Describe the physiology of the digestive system, including mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption and the neural and hormonal mechanisms of control.
SC.912.L.14.53: Discuss basic classification and characteristics of plants. Identify bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.
SC.912.L.15: Diversity and Evolution of Living Organisms
SC.912.L.15.C: Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary history.
SC.912.L.15.D: Natural selection is a primary mechanism leading to evolutionary change.
SC.912.L.15.1: Explain how the scientific theory of evolution is supported by the fossil record, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology, biogeography, molecular biology, and observed evolutionary change.
SC.912.L.15.4: Describe how and why organisms are hierarchically classified and based on evolutionary relationships.
SC.912.L.15.5: Explain the reasons for changes in how organisms are classified.
SC.912.L.15.6: Discuss distinguishing characteristics of the domains and kingdoms of living organisms.
SC.912.L.15.12: List the conditions for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in a population and why these conditions are not likely to appear in nature. Use the Hardy-Weinberg equation to predict genotypes in a population from observed phenotypes.
SC.912.L.15.13: Describe the conditions required for natural selection, including: overproduction of offspring, inherited variation, and the struggle to survive, which result in differential reproductive success.
SC.912.L.15.14: Discuss mechanisms of evolutionary change other than natural selection such as genetic drift and gene flow.
SC.912.L.15.15: Describe how mutation and genetic recombination increase genetic variation.
SC.912.L.16: Heredity and Reproduction
SC.912.L.16.A: DNA stores and transmits genetic information. Genes are sets of instructions encoded in the structure of DNA.
SC.912.L.16.B: Genetic information is passed from generation to generation by DNA in all organisms and accounts for similarities in related individuals.
SC.912.L.16.D: Reproduction is characteristic of living things and is essential for the survival of species.
SC.912.L.16.1: Use Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment to analyze patterns of inheritance.
SC.912.L.16.2: Discuss observed inheritance patterns caused by various modes of inheritance, including dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles.
SC.912.L.16.4: Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence may or may not result in phenotypic change. Explain how mutations in gametes may result in phenotypic changes in offspring.
SC.912.L.16.5: Explain the basic processes of transcription and translation, and how they result in the expression of genes.
SC.912.L.16.6: Discuss the mechanisms for regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcription and translation level.
SC.912.L.16.7: Describe how viruses and bacteria transfer genetic material between cells and the role of this process in biotechnology.
SC.912.L.16.10: Evaluate the impact of biotechnology on the individual, society and the environment, including medical and ethical issues.
SC.912.L.16.11: Discuss the technologies associated with forensic medicine and DNA identification, including restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis.
SC.912.L.16.14: Describe the cell cycle, including the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.
SC.912.L.17.A: The distribution and abundance of organisms is determined by the interactions between organisms, and between organisms and the non-living environment.
SC.912.L.17.B: Energy and nutrients move within and between biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems via physical, chemical and biological processes.
SC.912.L.17.C: Human activities and natural events can have profound effects on populations, biodiversity and ecosystem processes.
SC.912.L.17.3: Discuss how various oceanic and freshwater processes, such as currents, tides, and waves, affect the abundance of aquatic organisms.
SC.912.L.17.4: Describe changes in ecosystems resulting from seasonal variations, climate change and succession.
SC.912.L.17.5: Analyze how population size is determined by births, deaths, immigration, emigration, and limiting factors (biotic and abiotic) that determine carrying capacity.
SC.912.L.17.7: Characterize the biotic and abiotic components that define freshwater systems, marine systems and terrestrial systems.
SC.912.L.17.8: Recognize the consequences of the losses of biodiversity due to catastrophic events, climate changes, human activity, and the introduction of invasive, non-native species.
SC.912.L.17.9: Use a food web to identify and distinguish producers, consumers, and decomposers. Explain the pathway of energy transfer through trophic levels and the reduction of available energy at successive trophic levels.
SC.912.L.17.10: Diagram and explain the biogeochemical cycles of an ecosystem, including water, carbon, and nitrogen cycle.
SC.912.L.17.12: Discuss the political, social, and environmental consequences of sustainable use of land.
SC.912.L.17.13: Discuss the need for adequate monitoring of environmental parameters when making policy decisions.
SC.912.L.17.14: Assess the need for adequate waste management strategies.
SC.912.L.17.16: Discuss the large-scale environmental impacts resulting from human activity, including waste spills, oil spills, runoff, greenhouse gases, ozone depletion, and surface and groundwater pollution.
SC.912.L.17.20: Predict the impact of individuals on environmental systems and examine how human lifestyles affect sustainability.
SC.912.L.18: Matter and Energy Transformations
SC.912.L.18.B: Living organisms acquire the energy they need for life processes through various metabolic pathways (primarily photosynthesis and cellular respiration).
SC.912.L.18.4: Describe the structures of proteins and amino acids. Explain the functions of proteins in living organisms. Identify some reactions that amino acids undergo. Relate the structure and function of enzymes.
SC.912.L.18.7: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.
SC.912.L.18.8: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration.
SC.912.L.18.9: Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
SC.912.L.18.10: Connect the role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to energy transfers within a cell.
SC.912.L.18.11: Explain the role of enzymes as catalysts that lower the activation energy of biochemical reactions. Identify factors, such as pH and temperature, and their effect on enzyme activity.
Correlation last revised: 1/23/2020