SC.912.N.1: The Practice of Science

SC.912.N.1.A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.

 Diffusion
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Effect of Temperature on Gender
 Pendulum Clock
 Sight vs. Sound Reactions

SC.912.N.1.B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."

 Diffusion
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Effect of Temperature on Gender
 Pendulum Clock
 Seed Germination
 Sight vs. Sound Reactions

SC.912.N.1.C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.

 Diffusion
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Pendulum Clock

SC.912.N.1.1: Define a problem based on a specific body of knowledge, for example: biology, chemistry, physics, and earth/space science, and do the following:

SC.912.N.1.1.1: pose questions about the natural world,

 Sight vs. Sound Reactions

SC.912.N.1.1.2: conduct systematic observations,

 Diffusion
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Pendulum Clock
 Real-Time Histogram

SC.912.N.1.1.5: plan investigations,

 Real-Time Histogram
 Sight vs. Sound Reactions

SC.912.N.1.1.6: use tools to gather, analyze, and interpret data (this includes the use of measurement in metric and other systems, and also the generation and interpretation of graphical representations of data, including data tables and graphs),

 Identifying Nutrients
 Triple Beam Balance

SC.912.N.1.1.10: communicate results of scientific investigations, and

 Diffusion

SC.912.N.2: The Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge

SC.912.N.2.C: Because science is based on empirical evidence it strives for objectivity, but as it is a human endeavor the processes, methods, and knowledge of science include subjectivity, as well as creativity and discovery.

 Electromagnetic Induction

SC.912.N.2.2: Identify which questions can be answered through science and which questions are outside the boundaries of scientific investigation, such as questions addressed by other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, and religion.

 Diffusion
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Pendulum Clock

SC.912.N.2.4: Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.

 Diffusion
 Pendulum Clock

SC.912.N.3: The Role of Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, and Models

SC.912.N.3.5: Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

 Determining a Spring Constant
 Equilibrium and Concentration
 Ocean Mapping

SC.912.E.6: Earth Structures

SC.912.E.6.1: Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.

 Plate Tectonics

SC.912.E.6.3: Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.

 Plate Tectonics

SC.912.E.7: Earth Systems and Patterns

SC.912.E.7.1: Analyze the movement of matter and energy through the different biogeochemical cycles, including water and carbon.

 Carbon Cycle
 Cell Energy Cycle
 Food Chain

SC.912.E.7.2: Analyze the causes of the various kinds of surface and deep water motion within the oceans and their impacts on the transfer of energy between the poles and the equator.

 Tides

SC.912.E.7.4: Summarize the conditions that contribute to the climate of a geographic area, including the relationships to lakes and oceans.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds

SC.912.E.7.6: Relate the formation of severe weather to the various physical factors.

 Hurricane Motion

SC.912.E.7.7: Identify, analyze, and relate the internal (Earth system) and external (astronomical) conditions that contribute to global climate change.

 Greenhouse Effect

SC.912.P.8: Matter

SC.912.P.8.B: Electrons are key to defining chemical and some physical properties, reactivity, and molecular structures. Repeating (periodic) patterns of physical and chemical properties occur among elements that define groups of elements with similar properties. The periodic table displays the repeating patterns, which are related to the atom's outermost electrons. Atoms bond with each other to form compounds.

 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder

SC.912.P.8.C: In a chemical reaction, one or more reactants are transformed into one or more new products. Many factors shape the nature of products and the rates of reaction.

 Chemical Equations
 Collision Theory
 Equilibrium and Concentration

SC.912.P.8.1: Differentiate among the four states of matter.

 Phase Changes

SC.912.P.8.2: Differentiate between physical and chemical properties and physical and chemical changes of matter.

 Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

SC.912.P.8.3: Explore the scientific theory of atoms (also known as atomic theory) by describing changes in the atomic model over time and why those changes were necessitated by experimental evidence.

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction

SC.912.P.8.4: Explore the scientific theory of atoms (also known as atomic theory) by describing the structure of atoms in terms of protons, neutrons and electrons, and differentiate among these particles in terms of their mass, electrical charges and locations within the atom.

 Element Builder

SC.912.P.8.5: Relate properties of atoms and their position in the periodic table to the arrangement of their electrons.

 Electron Configuration

SC.912.P.8.6: Distinguish between bonding forces holding compounds together and other attractive forces, including hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces.

 Covalent Bonds
 Ionic Bonds

SC.912.P.8.8: Characterize types of chemical reactions, for example: redox, acid-base, synthesis, and single and double replacement reactions.

 Balancing Chemical Equations
 Chemical Equations
 Dehydration Synthesis
 Equilibrium and Concentration

SC.912.P.8.9: Apply the mole concept and the law of conservation of mass to calculate quantities of chemicals participating in reactions.

 Chemical Equations

SC.912.P.8.11: Relate acidity and basicity to hydronium and hydroxyl ion concentration and pH.

 pH Analysis
 pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

SC.912.P.10: Energy

SC.912.P.10.A: Energy is involved in all physical and chemical processes. It is conserved, and can be transformed from one form to another and into work. At the atomic and nuclear levels energy is not continuous but exists in discrete amounts. Energy and mass are related through Einstein's equation E=mc².

 Air Track
 Chemical Changes
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

SC.912.P.10.C: Changes in entropy and energy that accompany chemical reactions influence reaction paths. Chemical reactions result in the release or absorption of energy.

 Chemical Changes

SC.912.P.10.D: The theory of electromagnetism explains that electricity and magnetism are closely related. Electric charges are the source of electric fields. Moving charges generate magnetic fields.

 Electromagnetic Induction
 Magnetic Induction

SC.912.P.10.1: Differentiate among the various forms of energy and recognize that they can be transformed from one form to others.

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

SC.912.P.10.2: Explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by differentiating among open, closed, and isolated systems and explain that the total energy in an isolated system is a conserved quantity.

 Air Track
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

SC.912.P.10.3: Compare and contrast work and power qualitatively and quantitatively.

 Pulley Lab

SC.912.P.10.4: Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, and radiation, and explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter.

 Phase Changes

SC.912.P.10.5: Relate temperature to the average molecular kinetic energy.

 Temperature and Particle Motion

SC.912.P.10.7: Distinguish between endothermic and exothermic chemical processes.

 Chemical Changes

SC.912.P.10.9: Describe the quantization of energy at the atomic level.

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen

SC.912.P.10.10: Compare the magnitude and range of the four fundamental forces (gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear, strong nuclear).

 Free-Fall Laboratory
 Gravitational Force
 Pith Ball Lab

SC.912.P.10.14: Differentiate among conductors, semiconductors, and insulators.

 Circuit Builder

SC.912.P.10.16: Explain the relationship between moving charges and magnetic fields, as well as changing magnetic fields and electric fields, and their application to modern technologies.

 Electromagnetic Induction
 Magnetic Induction

SC.912.P.10.19: Explain that all objects emit and absorb electromagnetic radiation and distinguish between objects that are blackbody radiators and those that are not.

 Herschel Experiment

SC.912.P.10.20: Describe the measurable properties of waves and explain the relationships among them and how these properties change when the wave moves from one medium to another.

 Longitudinal Waves
 Refraction
 Ripple Tank
 Sound Beats and Sine Waves

SC.912.P.10.22: Construct ray diagrams and use thin lens and mirror equations to locate the images formed by lenses and mirrors.

 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

SC.912.P.12: Motion

SC.912.P.12.A: Motion can be measured and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Net forces create a change in motion. When objects travel at speeds comparable to the speed of light, Einstein's special theory of relativity applies.

 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics
 Free-Fall Laboratory

SC.912.P.12.B: Momentum is conserved under well-defined conditions. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

 2D Collisions
 Air Track

SC.912.P.12.C: The Law of Universal Gravitation states that gravitational forces act on all objects irrespective of their size and position.

 Gravitational Force
 Pith Ball Lab

SC.912.P.12.D: Gases consist of great numbers of molecules moving in all directions. The behavior of gases can be modeled by the kinetic molecular theory.

 Temperature and Particle Motion

SC.912.P.12.E: Chemical reaction rates change with conditions under which they occur. Chemical equilibrium is a dynamic state in which forward and reverse processes occur at the same rates.

 Collision Theory

SC.912.P.12.2: Analyze the motion of an object in terms of its position, velocity, and acceleration (with respect to a frame of reference) as functions of time.

 Free-Fall Laboratory
 Golf Range
 Shoot the Monkey

SC.912.P.12.3: Interpret and apply Newton's three laws of motion.

 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics

SC.912.P.12.4: Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between them.

 Gravitational Force
 Pith Ball Lab

SC.912.P.12.5: Apply the law of conservation of linear momentum to interactions, such as collisions between objects.

 2D Collisions
 Air Track

SC.912.P.12.10: Interpret the behavior of ideal gases in terms of kinetic molecular theory.

 Temperature and Particle Motion

SC.912.P.12.11: Describe phase transitions in terms of kinetic molecular theory.

 Phase Changes

SC.912.P.12.12: Explain how various factors, such as concentration, temperature, and presence of a catalyst affect the rate of a chemical reaction.

 Collision Theory

SC.912.L.14: Organization and Development of Living Organisms

SC.912.L.14.A: Cells have characteristic structures and functions that make them distinctive.

 Cell Structure
 Paramecium Homeostasis

SC.912.L.14.B: Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, reproduction, and homeostasis.

 Cell Division
 Paramecium Homeostasis

SC.912.L.14.D: Most multicellular organisms are composed of organ systems whose structures reflect their particular function.

 Circulatory System
 Digestive System

SC.912.L.14.2: Relate structure to function for the components of plant and animal cells. Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (passive and active transport).

 Cell Structure
 Osmosis
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

SC.912.L.14.3: Compare and contrast the general structures of plant and animal cells. Compare and contrast the general structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

 Cell Structure

SC.912.L.14.36: Describe the factors affecting blood flow through the cardiovascular system.

 Circulatory System

SC.912.L.14.45: Describe the histology of the alimentary canal and its associated accessory organs.

 Digestive System

SC.912.L.14.46: Describe the physiology of the digestive system, including mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption and the neural and hormonal mechanisms of control.

 Digestive System

SC.912.L.14.53: Discuss basic classification and characteristics of plants. Identify bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.

 Dichotomous Keys

SC.912.L.15: Diversity and Evolution of Living Organisms

SC.912.L.15.C: Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary history.

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.912.L.15.D: Natural selection is a primary mechanism leading to evolutionary change.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
 Microevolution
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

SC.912.L.15.1: Explain how the scientific theory of evolution is supported by the fossil record, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology, biogeography, molecular biology, and observed evolutionary change.

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.912.L.15.4: Describe how and why organisms are hierarchically classified and based on evolutionary relationships.

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.912.L.15.5: Explain the reasons for changes in how organisms are classified.

 Dichotomous Keys
 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.912.L.15.6: Discuss distinguishing characteristics of the domains and kingdoms of living organisms.

 Dichotomous Keys

SC.912.L.15.12: List the conditions for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in a population and why these conditions are not likely to appear in nature. Use the Hardy-Weinberg equation to predict genotypes in a population from observed phenotypes.

 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Microevolution

SC.912.L.15.13: Describe the conditions required for natural selection, including: overproduction of offspring, inherited variation, and the struggle to survive, which result in differential reproductive success.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Microevolution
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

SC.912.L.15.14: Discuss mechanisms of evolutionary change other than natural selection such as genetic drift and gene flow.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection

SC.912.L.15.15: Describe how mutation and genetic recombination increase genetic variation.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection

SC.912.L.16: Heredity and Reproduction

SC.912.L.16.A: DNA stores and transmits genetic information. Genes are sets of instructions encoded in the structure of DNA.

 Chicken Genetics
 DNA Analysis
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

SC.912.L.16.B: Genetic information is passed from generation to generation by DNA in all organisms and accounts for similarities in related individuals.

 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

SC.912.L.16.D: Reproduction is characteristic of living things and is essential for the survival of species.

 Microevolution
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

SC.912.L.16.1: Use Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment to analyze patterns of inheritance.

 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

SC.912.L.16.2: Discuss observed inheritance patterns caused by various modes of inheritance, including dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles.

 Chicken Genetics
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)

SC.912.L.16.4: Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence may or may not result in phenotypic change. Explain how mutations in gametes may result in phenotypic changes in offspring.

 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection

SC.912.L.16.5: Explain the basic processes of transcription and translation, and how they result in the expression of genes.

 RNA and Protein Synthesis

SC.912.L.16.6: Discuss the mechanisms for regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcription and translation level.

 RNA and Protein Synthesis

SC.912.L.16.7: Describe how viruses and bacteria transfer genetic material between cells and the role of this process in biotechnology.

 Virus Lytic Cycle

SC.912.L.16.10: Evaluate the impact of biotechnology on the individual, society and the environment, including medical and ethical issues.

 Human Karyotyping

SC.912.L.16.11: Discuss the technologies associated with forensic medicine and DNA identification, including restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis.

 DNA Analysis

SC.912.L.16.14: Describe the cell cycle, including the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.

 Cell Division

SC.912.L.17: Interdependence

SC.912.L.17.A: The distribution and abundance of organisms is determined by the interactions between organisms, and between organisms and the non-living environment.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Food Chain
 Pond Ecosystem

SC.912.L.17.C: Human activities and natural events can have profound effects on populations, biodiversity and ecosystem processes.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Pond Ecosystem
 Rabbit Population by Season

SC.912.L.17.3: Discuss how various oceanic and freshwater processes, such as currents, tides, and waves, affect the abundance of aquatic organisms.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Pond Ecosystem

SC.912.L.17.4: Describe changes in ecosystems resulting from seasonal variations, climate change and succession.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

SC.912.L.17.5: Analyze how population size is determined by births, deaths, immigration, emigration, and limiting factors (biotic and abiotic) that determine carrying capacity.

 Food Chain
 Rabbit Population by Season

SC.912.L.17.7: Characterize the biotic and abiotic components that define freshwater systems, marine systems and terrestrial systems.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Pond Ecosystem

SC.912.L.17.8: Recognize the consequences of the losses of biodiversity due to catastrophic events, climate changes, human activity, and the introduction of invasive, non-native species.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors

SC.912.L.17.10: Diagram and explain the biogeochemical cycles of an ecosystem, including water, carbon, and nitrogen cycle.

 Carbon Cycle
 Cell Energy Cycle

SC.912.L.17.12: Discuss the political, social, and environmental consequences of sustainable use of land.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

SC.912.L.17.16: Discuss the large-scale environmental impacts resulting from human activity, including waste spills, oil spills, runoff, greenhouse gases, ozone depletion, and surface and groundwater pollution.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Greenhouse Effect
 Pond Ecosystem

SC.912.L.17.20: Predict the impact of individuals on environmental systems and examine how human lifestyles affect sustainability.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors

SC.912.L.18: Matter and Energy Transformations

SC.912.L.18.B: Living organisms acquire the energy they need for life processes through various metabolic pathways (primarily photosynthesis and cellular respiration).

 Cell Energy Cycle

SC.912.L.18.4: Describe the structures of proteins and amino acids. Explain the functions of proteins in living organisms. Identify some reactions that amino acids undergo. Relate the structure and function of enzymes.

 RNA and Protein Synthesis

SC.912.L.18.7: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Cell Structure
 Photosynthesis Lab

SC.912.L.18.8: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration.

 Cell Energy Cycle

SC.912.L.18.9: Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

 Cell Energy Cycle

Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018

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