### B: Physics

#### B.1: The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed. A change in motion occurs when a net force is applied. The student will engage in investigations that integrate the process and inquiry standards and lead to the discovery of the following objectives:

B.1.1: Objects change their motion only when a net force is applied. Newton's laws of motion are used to calculate precisely the effects of forces on the motion of objects.

B.1.2: Gravitation is a universal force that each mass exerts on any other mass. The strength of the gravitational attractive force between two masses is proportional to the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

B.1.3: The electric force is a universal force that exists between any two charged objects. The strength of the force is proportional to the charges and, as with gravitation, inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

B.1.4: Electricity and magnetism are two aspects of a single electromagnetic force.

#### B.2: The total energy of the universe is constant. The student will engage in investigations that integrate the process and inquiry standards and lead to the discovery of the following objectives:

B.2.2: All energy can be considered to be kinetic energy, potential energy, or energy contained by a field.

B.2.3: Heat consists of random motion and the vibrations of atoms, molecules, and ions. The higher the temperature, the greater the atomic or molecular motion.

Correlation last revised: 2/10/2015

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.