Standards for Teaching and Learning
ES.2.2: Describe various instrumentation used to study deep space and the solar system (e.g., telescopes which record in various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, including visible, infrared, and radio, refracting telescope, reflecting telescope, spectrophotometer.)
ES.2.3: Describe Hubble's law, and understand the big-bang theory, and the evidence that supports it (background radiation, relativistic Doppler effect).
ES.2.6: Analyze the life histories of stars and different types of stars found on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, including the three outcomes of stellar evolution based on mass (black hole, neutron star, white dwarf).
ES.2.8: Explain that the redshift from distant galaxies and the cosmic background radiation provide evidence for the big bang model that the universe has been expanding for 10 to 20 billion years.
ES.3.5: Explain how Kepler's laws predict the orbits of the planets.
ES.4.1: Examine and describe the structure, composition, and function of Earth's atmosphere, including the role of living organisms in the cycling of atmospheric gases.
ES.4.4: Explain the effects on climate of latitude, elevation, and topography, as well as proximity to large bodies of water and cold or warm ocean currents.
ES.4.6: Determine the origins, life cycles, behavior, and prediction of weather systems.
ES.4.8: Explain special properties of water (e.g., high specific and latent heats) and the influence of large bodies of water and the water cycle on heat transport and therefore weather and climate.
ES.4.12: Use weather maps and other tools to forecast weather conditions.
ES.4.13: Use computer models to predict the effects of increasing greenhouse gases on climate for the planet as a whole and for specific regions.
ES.5.1: Explain how water flows into and through a watershed (e.g. properly use terms precipitation, aquifers, wells, porosity, permeability, water table, capillary water, and run off).
ES.5.2: Describe the processes of the hydrologic cycle, including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, surface runoff and groundwater percolation, infiltration, and transpiration.
ES.5.3: Identify and explain the mechanisms that cause and modify the production of tides, such as the gravitational attraction of the moon, the sun, and coastal topography.
ES.7.3: Trace the development of a lithospheric plate from its growing margin at a divergent boundary (mid-ocean ridge) to its destructive margin at a convergent boundary (subduction zone).
ES.7.5: Explain why, how, and where earthquakes occur, how they are located and measured, and the ways that they can cause damage (directly by shaking and secondarily by fire, tsunami, landsliding, or liquefaction).
Correlation last revised: 1/21/2017