1: The student conducts investigations, for at least 40% of instructional time, using safe, environmentally appropriate, and ethical practices. These investigations must involve actively obtaining and analyzing data with physical equipment, but may also involve experimentation in a simulated environment as well as field observations that extend beyond the classroom.

1.A: demonstrate safe practices during laboratory and field investigations; and

 Diffusion

 Lab Safety

1.B: demonstrate an understanding of the use and conservation of resources and the proper disposal or recycling of materials.

 Water Pollution

2: The student uses a systematic approach to answer scientific laboratory and field investigative questions.

2.A: know the definition of science and understand that it has limitations, as specified in subsection (b)(2) of this section;


 Science and Testability

2.B: know that scientific hypotheses are tentative and testable statements that must be capable of being supported or not supported by observational evidence. Hypotheses of durable explanatory power which have been tested over a wide variety of conditions are incorporated into theories;

 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Effect of Temperature on Gender

 Fundamental Forces
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Science and Testability

2.C: know that scientific theories are based on natural and physical phenomena and are capable of being tested by multiple independent researchers. Unlike hypotheses, scientific theories are well-established and highly-reliable explanations, but may be subject to change as new areas of science and new technologies are developed;

 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws

 Evaluating Scientific Explanations
 Fundamental Forces
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Science and Testability

2.D: distinguish between scientific hypotheses and scientific theories;


 Hypotheses and Theories

2.E: design and implement investigative procedures, including making observations, asking well-defined questions, formulating testable hypotheses, identifying variables, selecting appropriate equipment and technology, and evaluating numerical answers for reasonableness;

 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Circuits
 Diffusion
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Golf Range
 Inclined Plane - Rolling Objects
 Moment of Inertia
 Pendulum Clock
 Real-Time Histogram
 Refraction
 Sight vs. Sound Reactions
 Time Estimation
 Vectors

 Advanced Mechanical Systems
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Lab Safety
 Recording Data
 Science and Testability

2.F: demonstrate the use of course apparatus, equipment, techniques, and procedures, including multimeters (current, voltage, resistance), triple beam balances, batteries, clamps, dynamics demonstration equipment, collision apparatus, data acquisition probes, discharge tubes with power supply (H, He, Ne, Ar), hand-held visual spectroscopes, hot plates, slotted and hooked lab masses, bar magnets, horseshoe magnets, plane mirrors, convex lenses, pendulum support, power supply, ring clamps, ring stands, stopwatches, trajectory apparatus, tuning forks, carbon paper, graph paper, magnetic compasses, polarized film, prisms, protractors, resistors, friction blocks, mini lamps (bulbs) and sockets, electrostatics kits, 90-degree rod clamps, metric rulers, spring scales, knife blade switches, Celsius thermometers, meter sticks, scientific calculators, graphing technology, computers, cathode ray tubes with horseshoe magnets, ballistic carts or equivalent, resonance tubes, spools of nylon thread or string, containers of iron filings, rolls of white craft paper, copper wire, Periodic Table, electromagnetic spectrum charts, slinky springs, wave motion ropes, and laser pointers;

 2D Collisions
 Adding Vectors
 Air Track
 Circuits
 Conduction and Convection
 Determining a Spring Constant
 Electromagnetic Induction
 Electron Configuration
 Golf Range
 Graphing Skills
 Herschel Experiment
 Herschel Experiment
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Laser Reflection
 Longitudinal Waves
 Magnetic Induction
 Magnetism
 Measuring Trees
 Period of a Pendulum
 Phase Changes
 Photoelectric Effect
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Refraction
 Relative Humidity
 Ripple Tank
 Simple Harmonic Motion
 Star Spectra
 Triple Beam Balance
 Vectors
 Weight and Mass

 Advanced Mechanical Systems
 Chemical Properties
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Lab Safety
 Recording Data
 Science and the Media

2.G: use a wide variety of additional course apparatus, equipment, techniques, materials, and procedures as appropriate such as ripple tank with wave generator, wave motion rope, micrometer, caliper, radiation monitor, computer, ballistic pendulum, electroscope, inclined plane, optics bench, optics kit, pulley with table clamp, resonance tube, ring stand screen, four inch ring, stroboscope, graduated cylinders, and ticker timer;

 Advanced Circuits
 Estimating Population Size
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Longitudinal Waves
 Photoelectric Effect
 Ripple Tank
 Sound Beats and Sine Waves

 Chemical Energy
 Chemical Properties
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Lab Safety
 Science and the Media

2.H: make measurements with accuracy and precision and record data using scientific notation and International System (SI) units;

 Electromagnetic Induction
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Measuring Trees
 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
 Ripple Tank
 Triple Beam Balance
 Unit Conversions 2 - Scientific Notation and Significant Digits
 Weight and Mass

 Fundamental Forces
 Recording Data

2.I: identify and quantify causes and effects of uncertainties in measured data;

 Time Estimation

 Chemical Energy
 Recording Data

2.J: organize and evaluate data and make inferences from data, including the use of tables, charts, and graphs;

 Box-and-Whisker Plots
 Calorimetry Lab
 Circuits
 Determining a Spring Constant
 Effect of Environment on New Life Form
 Effect of Temperature on Gender
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Free-Fall Laboratory
 Graphing Skills
 Half-life
 Identifying Nutrients
 Longitudinal Waves
 Mineral Identification
 Pendulum Clock
 Photoelectric Effect
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Real-Time Histogram
 Simple Harmonic Motion
 Star Spectra

2.K: communicate valid conclusions supported by the data through various methods such as lab reports, labeled drawings, graphic organizers, journals, summaries, oral reports, and technology-based reports; and

 Graphing Skills
 Hearing: Frequency and Volume
 Period of a Pendulum
 Time Estimation

 Science and the Media

2.L: express and manipulate relationships among physical variables quantitatively, including the use of graphs, charts, and equations.

 2D Collisions
 Calorimetry Lab
 Determining a Spring Constant
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Fan Cart Physics
 Free-Fall Laboratory
 Golf Range
 Graphing Skills
 Half-life
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Longitudinal Waves
 Photoelectric Effect
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Simple Harmonic Motion

3: The student uses critical thinking, scientific reasoning, and problem solving to make informed decisions within and outside the classroom.

3.A: in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student;


 Evaluating Scientific Explanations
 Science and Testability

3.B: communicate and apply scientific information extracted from various sources such as current events, news reports, published journal articles, and marketing materials;


 Evaluating Scientific Explanations
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Science and the Media

3.C: draw inferences based on data related to promotional materials for products and services;


 Science and the Media

3.D: explain the impacts of the scientific contributions of a variety of historical and contemporary scientists on scientific thought and society;

 DNA Fingerprint Analysis
 Photoelectric Effect

 Fundamental Forces
 Hypotheses and Theories
 Science and the Media
 Special Relativity and Mass-Energy Equivalence

3.F: express and interpret relationships symbolically in accordance with accepted theories to make predictions and solve problems mathematically, including problems requiring proportional reasoning and graphical vector addition.

 2D Collisions
 Adding Vectors
 Coulomb Force (Static)
 Determining a Spring Constant
 Fan Cart Physics
 Gravitational Force
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Pendulum Clock

4: The student knows and applies the laws governing motion in a variety of situations.

4.A: generate and interpret graphs and charts describing different types of motion, including the use of real-time technology such as motion detectors or photogates;

 2D Collisions
 Distance-Time Graphs
 Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
 Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
 Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Free Fall Tower
 Free-Fall Laboratory
 Golf Range
 Inclined Plane - Rolling Objects
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Photoelectric Effect
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Simple Harmonic Motion
 Uniform Circular Motion

4.B: describe and analyze motion in one dimension using equations with the concepts of distance, displacement, speed, average velocity, instantaneous velocity, and acceleration;

 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Free-Fall Laboratory
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Longitudinal Waves
 Measuring Motion
 Period of Mass on a Spring

 Advanced Mechanical Systems

4.C: analyze and describe accelerated motion in two dimensions using equations, including projectile and circular examples;

 Golf Range
 Moment of Inertia
 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
 Shoot the Monkey
 Uniform Circular Motion

 Advanced Mechanical Systems

4.D: calculate the effect of forces on objects, including the law of inertia, the relationship between force and acceleration, and the nature of force pairs between objects;

 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Uniform Circular Motion

 Advanced Mechanical Systems

4.E: develop and interpret free-body force diagrams; and

 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Pith Ball Lab

 Advanced Mechanical Systems

4.F: identify and describe motion relative to different frames of reference.


 Special Relativity and Mass-Energy Equivalence

5: The student knows the nature of forces in the physical world.

5.A: research and describe the historical development of the concepts of gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear, and strong nuclear forces;


 Fundamental Forces

5.B: describe and calculate how the magnitude of the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between their centers;

 Gravitational Force
 Pith Ball Lab

 Fundamental Forces

5.C: describe and calculate how the magnitude of the electrical force between two objects depends on their charges and the distance between them;

 Coulomb Force (Static)
 Pith Ball Lab

 Fundamental Forces

5.D: identify examples of electric and magnetic forces in everyday life;

 Electromagnetic Induction

 Energy Sources
 Fundamental Forces

5.E: characterize materials as conductors or insulators based on their electrical properties;

 Circuit Builder

 Applications of Quantum Mechanics
 Chemical Properties

5.F: design, construct, and calculate in terms of current through, potential difference across, resistance of, and power used by electric circuit elements connected in both series and parallel combinations;

 Advanced Circuits
 Circuit Builder
 Circuits

5.G: investigate and describe the relationship between electric and magnetic fields in applications such as generators, motors, and transformers; and

 Electromagnetic Induction
 Magnetic Induction

 Energy Sources
 Fundamental Forces

5.H: describe evidence for and effects of the strong and weak nuclear forces in nature.

 Half-life
 Nuclear Decay

 Energy Sources
 Fundamental Forces

6: The student knows that changes occur within a physical system and applies the laws of conservation of energy and momentum.

6.A: investigate and calculate quantities using the work-energy theorem in various situations;

 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Pulley Lab

 Advanced Mechanical Systems

6.B: investigate examples of kinetic and potential energy and their transformations;

 Air Track
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Potential Energy on Shelves
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Temperature and Particle Motion

6.C: calculate the mechanical energy of, power generated within, impulse applied to, and momentum of a physical system;

 2D Collisions
 Air Track
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

 Advanced Mechanical Systems

6.D: demonstrate and apply the laws of conservation of energy and conservation of momentum in one dimension;

 Air Track
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Phase Changes
 Roller Coaster Physics

6.E: describe how the macroscopic properties of a thermodynamic system such as temperature, specific heat, and pressure are related to the molecular level of matter, including kinetic or potential energy of atoms;

 Boyle's Law and Charles' Law
 Temperature and Particle Motion

 Chemical Energy

6.F: contrast and give examples of different processes of thermal energy transfer, including conduction, convection, and radiation; and

 Calorimetry Lab
 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Conduction and Convection
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Heat Absorption
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Herschel Experiment
 Herschel Experiment
 Phases of Water
 Radiation

6.G: analyze and explain everyday examples that illustrate the laws of thermodynamics, including the law of conservation of energy and the law of entropy.

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Phase Changes

7: The student knows the characteristics and behavior of waves.

7.A: examine and describe oscillatory motion and wave propagation in various types of media;

 Doppler Shift
 Electromagnetic Induction
 Longitudinal Waves
 Refraction
 Ripple Tank

7.B: investigate and analyze characteristics of waves, including velocity, frequency, amplitude, and wavelength, and calculate using the relationship between wavespeed, frequency, and wavelength;

 Basic Prism
 Doppler Shift
 Hearing: Frequency and Volume
 Longitudinal Waves
 Photoelectric Effect
 Refraction
 Ripple Tank
 Sound Beats and Sine Waves
 Star Spectra

7.C: compare characteristics and behaviors of transverse waves, including electromagnetic waves and the electromagnetic spectrum, and characteristics and behaviors of longitudinal waves, including sound waves;

 Longitudinal Waves
 Ripple Tank

7.D: investigate behaviors of waves, including reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference, resonance, and the Doppler effect;

 Basic Prism
 Doppler Shift
 Doppler Shift Advanced
 Longitudinal Waves
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Refraction
 Ripple Tank
 Sound Beats and Sine Waves

 Resonance

7.E: describe and predict image formation as a consequence of reflection from a plane mirror and refraction through a thin convex lens; and

 Laser Reflection
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Ray Tracing (Mirrors)
 Ripple Tank

 Lenses and Mirrors

8: The student knows simple examples of atomic, nuclear, and quantum phenomena.

8.A: describe the photoelectric effect and the dual nature of light;

 Photoelectric Effect

 Applications of Quantum Mechanics

8.B: compare and explain the emission spectra produced by various atoms;

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Star Spectra

8.C: describe the significance of mass-energy equivalence and apply it in explanations of phenomena such as nuclear stability, fission, and fusion; and


 Special Relativity and Mass-Energy Equivalence

8.D: give examples of applications of atomic and nuclear phenomena such as radiation therapy, diagnostic imaging, and nuclear power and examples of applications of quantum phenomena such as digital cameras.

 Electromagnetic Induction
 Half-life

 Applications of Quantum Mechanics
 Energy Sources
 Fundamental Forces
 Special Relativity and Mass-Energy Equivalence

Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.