2: Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of properties, forms, changes and interactions of physical and chemical systems.

2.1: Describe the structure of atoms, including knowledge of (a) subatomic particles and their relative masses, charges, and locations within the atom, (b) the electrical and nuclear forces that hold the atom together, (c) fission and fusion, and (d) radioactive decay

2.1.A: Compare and contrast subatomic particles in relation to their relative masses, charges and location

 Charge Launcher
 Element Builder
 Nuclear Decay

2.1.B: Compare and contrast the number of subatomic particles in different elements

 Element Builder

2.1.C: Recognize there is an electrical force of attraction/repulsion

 Charge Launcher
 Coulomb Force (Static)
 Pith Ball Lab

2.1.E: Explain nuclear fission, fusion, and radioactive decay, and provide examples of each

 Nuclear Decay

2.2: Explain how the particulate level structure and properties of matter affect its macroscopic properties, including the effect of (a) valence electrons on the chemical properties of elements and the resulting periodic trends in these properties, (b) chemical bonding, (c) molecular geometry and intermolecular forces, (d) kinetic molecular theory on phases of matter, and (e) carbon-carbon atom bonding on biomolecules

2.2.A: Utilize the periodic table to determine the number of valence electrons for a representative group element.

 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder
 Ionic Bonds

2.2.C: Recognize the repeating patterns of the periodic table of elements

 Electron Configuration

2.2.D: Compare and contrast atoms and ions.

 Element Builder

2.2.E: Describe the significance of electrons in interactions between atoms and why they sometimes form bonds

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder

2.2.F: Explain how the chemical bonding of a molecule affects its macroscopic (physical) properties

 Covalent Bonds
 Dehydration Synthesis

2.2.G: Compare and contrast ionic, covalent and hydrogen bonds

 Covalent Bonds
 Dehydration Synthesis
 Ionic Bonds

2.2.I: Describe the physical properties of each state of matter: solid, liquid, and gas

 Freezing Point of Salt Water
 Phase Changes

2.2.J: Describe, using the kinetic molecular theory, the behavior of particles in each state of matter: solid, liquid, and gas

 Freezing Point of Salt Water
 Temperature and Particle Motion

2.2.L: Explain how electrons are shared in single, double, triple bonds

 Covalent Bonds
 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder
 Ionic Bonds

2.3: Describe the major features associated with chemical reactions, including (a) giving examples of reactions important to industry and living organisms, (b) energy changes associated with chemical changes, (c) classes of chemical reactions, (d) rates of reactions, and (e) the role of catalysts

2.3.B: Illustrate a chemical reaction in symbol form

 Covalent Bonds
 Ionic Bonds
 Limiting Reactants
 Nuclear Decay
 Stoichiometry

2.3.C: Classify the types of chemical reactions

 Balancing Chemical Equations

2.3.E: Describe factors that effect the rate of reactions

 Collision Theory

2.4: Identify, measure, calculate, and analyze relationships associated with matter and energy transfer or transformations, and the associated conservation of mass

2.4.A: Explain how energy and mass are conserved given various situations.

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum

2.5: Explain the interactions between motions and forces, including (a) the laws of motion and (b) an understanding of the gravitational and electromagnetic forces

2.5.B: Explain, given F = ma, the relationship between force and acceleration in uniform motion

 Atwood Machine
 Charge Launcher
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Freefall Laboratory
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Uniform Circular Motion

2.5.C: Solve simple kinematics problems using the kinematics equations for uniform acceleration: v subscript avg =d/t, a="Delta"v/t, and d=1/2 at²

 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Freefall Laboratory
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

2.5.D: List examples of different types of forces.

 Atwood Machine
 Charge Launcher
 Force and Fan Carts
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Uniform Circular Motion

2.5.E: Describe the role of friction in motion

 Atwood Machine
 Force and Fan Carts
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Roller Coaster Physics

2.5.F: Explain the relationship between mass and distance in relation to gravitational force

 Gravity Pitch

2.5.H: Describe situations that illustrate Newton's three laws of motion

 2D Collisions
 Air Track
 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Uniform Circular Motion

2.6: Explain how energy is stored, transferred, and transformed, including (a) the conservation of energy, (b) kinetic and potential energy and energy contained by a field, (c) heat energy and atomic and molecular motion, and (d) energy tends to change from concentrated to diffuse

2.6.A: Describe the differences between kinetic energy and potential energy.

 Air Track
 Energy Conversions
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Rolling Objects
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Period of a Pendulum
 Potential Energy on Shelves
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Simple Harmonic Motion

2.6.B: Explain the relationship between kinetic energy and potential energy in a system.

 Air Track
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Rolling Objects
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Period of a Pendulum
 Potential Energy on Shelves
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Simple Harmonic Motion

2.6.D: Define the kinetic molecular theory and its relationship to heat (thermal energy transfer).

 Calorimetry Lab
 Energy Conversions
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Temperature and Particle Motion

2.6.E: Recognize heat as a form of energy transfer.

 Calorimetry Lab
 Energy Conversions
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Phase Changes

2.6.F: Explain the relationship between temperature, heat and thermal energy.

 Calorimetry Lab
 Conduction and Convection
 Energy Conversions
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Phase Changes
 Temperature and Particle Motion

2.6.G: Relate how energy tends to change from concentrated to diffuse states.

 Colligative Properties
 Collision Theory

2.7: Describe how energy and matter interact, including (a) waves, (b) the electromagnetic spectrum, (c) quantization of energy, and (d) insulators and conductors

2.7.B: Compare and contrast the similarities and differences between longitudinal and transverse mechanical waves.

 Earthquake - Recording Station
 Longitudinal Waves

2.7.C: Explain how waves interact with media.

 Basic Prism
 Earthquake - Determination of Epicenter
 Refraction

2.7.D: Compare the various electromagnetic waves (gamma rays, x-rays, ultraviolet, visible, infrared, microwave, and radio waves) in terms of energy and wavelength

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Color Absorption
 Nuclear Decay
 Radiation

2.7.F: Compare the visible light colors in terms of energy and wavelength

 Additive Color v2
 Basic Prism
 Color Absorption
 Herschel Experiment
 Radiation
 Subtractive Color v2

2.7.H: Recognize that every substance emits and absorbs certain wavelengths

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Herschel Experiment

2.7.I: Explain how electromagnetic waves are reflected, refracted, and absorbed.

 Basic Prism
 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Heat Absorption
 Herschel Experiment
 Laser Reflection
 Photoelectric Effect
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Refraction

2.7.K: Describe the difference between a heat conductor and a heat insulator.

 Conduction and Convection

2.7.L: Explain how electricity is involved in the transfer of energy

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions

3: Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of characteristics, structures and function of living things, the process and diversity of life, and how living organisms interact with each other and their environment.

3.1: Investigate and use appropriate technology to demonstrate that cells have common features including differences that determine function and that they are composed of common building blocks (e.g., proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids)

3.1.C: Identify common features among all cells

 Cell Structure
 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.1.E: Compare and contrast the structure, function and relationship of key cellular components

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Cell Structure
 Paramecium Homeostasis
 Photosynthesis Lab

3.1.F: Identify key differences between plant and animal cells

 Cell Structure

3.1.G: Explain how concentration of substances affects diffusion and osmosis

 Colligative Properties
 Diffusion
 Osmosis

3.1.H: Explain the role of key biologically important macromolecules

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.2: Describe and explain the complex processes involved in energy use in cell maintenance, growth, repair and development

3.2.A: Explain and give examples of the importance of a constant internal environment

 Forest Ecosystem
 Human Homeostasis
 Paramecium Homeostasis
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.2.B: Identify processes that maintain homeostasis

 Human Homeostasis
 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.2.C: Classify, compare and contrast various organisms as a heterotroph or autotroph

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.2.D: Describe the role of ATP in the body

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.2.G: State and explain the general chemical reactions for cellular respiration

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals

3.2.H: Summarize the conversion of light energy to chemical energy by photosynthetic organisms

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
 Photosynthesis Lab

3.2.I: Explain the relationship between the products and reactants of photosynthesis and cellular respiration

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
 Photosynthesis Lab
 Pond Ecosystem

3.2.J: Explain the purposes of the cell cycle and mitosis

 Cell Division
 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.2.K: List, in order, and describe the stages of mitosis in plants and animals

 Cell Division
 Forest Ecosystem

3.2.L: List the major events that occur in meiosis

 Cell Division

3.2.N: Compare and contrast the processes and purposes of mitosis and meiosis

 Cell Division

3.3: Model the structure of DNA and protein synthesis, discuss the molecular basis of heredity, and explain how it contributes to the diversity of life

3.3.A: Explain the functions of DNA and RNA

 Paramecium Homeostasis
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

3.3.B: Compare and contrast the structure of DNA and RNA

 Paramecium Homeostasis
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

3.3.C: Identify complementary base pairs

 Building DNA
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

3.3.D: Explain the purpose and process of DNA replication

 Building DNA
 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.3.E: Explain the purpose and process of transcription and translation

 Paramecium Homeostasis
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

3.3.G: Summarize the law of segregation and the law of independent assortment

 Chicken Genetics
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.I: Explain the difference between dominant and recessive alleles

 Chicken Genetics
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.J: Distinguish between genotype and phenotype

 Chicken Genetics
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Microevolution
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.K: Use the law of probability and Punnett squares to predict genotypic and phenotypic ratios

 Chicken Genetics
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.L: Explain that some traits are determined by multiple factors

 Chicken Genetics
 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Microevolution
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)
 Natural Selection

3.3.M: Distinguish between sex chromosomes and autostomes

 Human Karyotyping

3.3.N: Explain how sex linked inheritance influences some genetic traits

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Microevolution
 Natural Selection

3.3.O: Define genetic mutations

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection

3.3.P: Identify some of the major causes of mutations

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection

3.3.Q: Explain how mutations influence genetic expression

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection

3.4: Predict and model the interaction of biotic and abiotic factors that affect populations through natural selection, and explain how this contributes to the evolution of species over time

3.4.A: Differentiate between biotic and abiotic factors in ecosystems

 Forest Ecosystem
 Pond Ecosystem

3.4.B: Discuss how abiotic and biotic factors influence biomes

 Pond Ecosystem

3.4.C: Explain biogeochemical cycles

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
 Photosynthesis Lab

3.4.D: Explain the difference between a food chain and food web

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.E: Explain trophic levels pyramids in terms of energy transfer, biomass and number of individuals

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.F: Recognize that the sun is the ultimate source of energy in MOST ecosystems

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.G: Identify and predict density dependent and density independent factors that impact a population

 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.H: Describe predator-prey dynamics

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.I: Compare and contrast the symbiotic relationships that exist between species

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.J: Describe how communities progress through a series of changes

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.K: Recognize that evolution involves a change in allele frequencies in a population across successive generations

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.4.L: Model and explain how natural selection can change a population

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Natural Selection
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.M: Describe the major factors and give examples that influence speciation

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.4.N: Explain the theory of evolution by natural selection

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Natural Selection

3.4.O: Cites supporting scientific evidence of biological evolution

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.5: Generate and apply biological classification schemes to infer and discuss the degree of divergence between ecosystems

3.5.A: List and explain the characteristics of the three domains

 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.5.C: Explain the classification of living organisms from the domain to species level

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.5.D: Explain the importance of binomial nomenclature

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.5.E: Construct and use a dichotomous key

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.5.G: Explain the important roles of bacteria

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.5.I: Explain the important roles of viruses

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.5.K: Explain the important roles of protists

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.5.M: Explain the important roles of fungi

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.5.Q: Compare and contrast body systems between major animal phyla

 Circulatory System

4: Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of the composition, structures, processes and interactions of Earth?s systems and other objects in space.

4.1: Understand the theory of plate tectonics and how it explains the interrelationship between earthquakes, volcanoes, and sea floor spreading

4.1.A: Describe the independent movement of Earth's crustal plates

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.B: Describe the ideas and evidence that led to the formation of the theory of plate tectonics

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.C: Model the interaction of heat-driven convection and the movement of the plates.

 Conduction and Convection
 Plate Tectonics

4.1.D: Identify the types of plate boundaries.

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.E: Model ways plates interact at plate boundaries.

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.F: Contrast the different types of plate boundaries and the products of these plate interactions.

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.G: Identify the causes of earthquakes

 Earthquake - Determination of Epicenter
 Earthquake - Recording Station
 Plate Tectonics

4.1.H: Explain volcanic processes

 Rock Cycle

4.1.I: Relate earthquakes and volcanic activity to plate boundaries and other geologic settings.

 Earthquake - Determination of Epicenter
 Earthquake - Recording Station
 Plate Tectonics

4.2: Identify and classify rocks and minerals based on physical and chemical properties and the utilization by humans (e.g., natural resources, building materials)

4.2.A: Define mineral

 Rock Classification

4.2.B: Describe the physical and chemical properties and equipment used to identify minerals

 Mineral Identification
 Rock Classification

4.2.C: Classify minerals using observable properties, tools, and reference materials.

 Mineral Identification
 Rock Classification

4.2.E: Define rock

 Rock Classification

4.2.F: Review the rock cycle and its processes.

 Rock Cycle

4.2.G: Describe the physical and chemical properties and equipment used to identify rocks

 Mineral Identification
 Rock Classification

4.2.H: Classify rocks into rock types using observable properties, tools, and reference materials.

 Mineral Identification
 Rock Classification

4.2.I: Identify various mineral and rock resources, their value, their uses, and their importance to Native Americans.

 Rock Classification

4.2.J: Discuss the factors that determine the value of mineral and rock resources.

 Rock Classification

4.2.K: Explain how various mineral and rock resources are obtained.

 Rock Classification

4.3: Explain scientific theories about how fossils are used as evidence of changes over time

4.3.B: Explain how various fossils show evidence of past life

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

4.3.E: Examine how rock and fossil evidence show that biologic, climactic, and geologic changes occurred over time.

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Rock Classification

4.3.F: Give examples of major biologic, climactic, and geologic changes in Earth's history.

 Pond Ecosystem

4.4: Collect and analyze local and regional weather data to make inferences and predictions about weather patterns; explain factors influencing global weather patterns and climate; and describe the impact on earth of fluctuations in weather and climate (e.g., drought, surface and ground water, glacial instability)

4.4.B: Identify the instruments and technology used to collect weather data.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Relative Humidity
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.4.C: Collect weather data and observe weather conditions

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.4.E: Discuss the role of energy transfer in the atmosphere and its effects on weather changes.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Energy Conversions

4.4.F: Describe the impacts of fronts, air masses, and pressure systems on local and regional weather.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.4.G: Analyze the effect of local geographic factors on weather

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.4.H: Describe relationships between collected data and weather patterns

 Coastal Winds and Clouds

4.4.J: Identify the geographic factors that influence climate.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.4.K: Determine which geographic factors result in specific local and regional climate.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.4.L: Examine the importance of the structure and composition of the atmosphere as influencing factors on Earth's weather and climate.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds

4.4.M: Describe how global wind patterns influence weather and climate.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?
 Weather Maps

4.4.N: Explain the relationship between ocean currents, weather, and climate.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds

4.5: Explain the impact of terrestrial, solar, oceanic, and atmosphere conditions on global climatic patterns

4.5.A: Cite examples of natural phenomena (terrestrial, atmospheric, oceanic, and astronomical) that impact global climate patterns.

 Greenhouse Effect

4.5.C: Examine the geologic, astronomical, and human factors that contibute to global climate change

 Greenhouse Effect
 Rabbit Population by Season
 Water Pollution

4.5.E: Describe socioeconomic and environmental implications of climate change

 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

4.6: Describe the origin, location, and evolution of stars and their planetary systems in respect to the solar system, the Milky Way, the local galactic group, and the universe

4.6.C: Examine the evolution of stars from birth to death

 H-R Diagram
 Star Spectra

4.6.F: Describe various types of solar activity and how they affect Earth

 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?
 Solar System Explorer
 Tides

4.6.G: Explain the relationship between stars and planets in a solar system.

 Rotation/Revolution of Venus and Earth
 Solar System Explorer

4.6.H: Compare and contrast the characteristics of planets and stars

 H-R Diagram
 Star Spectra

4.6.J: Explain how the formation and evolution of a solar system influences the composition and placement of objects within it.

 Solar System Explorer

Correlation last revised: 5/17/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.