2: Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of properties, forms, changes and interactions of physical and chemical systems.

2.1: Classify, describe, and manipulate the physical models of matter in terms of: elements, and compounds, pure substances and mixtures, atoms, and molecules

2.1.A: Identify the main parts of an atom

 Bohr Model of Hydrogen
 Bohr Model: Introduction
 Covalent Bonds
 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder
 Ionic Bonds
 Nuclear Decay

2.1.B: Identify the characteristics of a Periodic Table

 Electron Configuration

2.1.C: Identify common elements by their symbol.

 Element Builder
 Nuclear Decay

2.1.D: Define atomic number

 Element Builder
 Nuclear Decay

2.1.F: Explain the relationship between atomic number, mass number, and the parts of an atom

 Nuclear Decay

2.1.G: Describe elements based on their placement on the Periodic Table (families, groups)

 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder

2.1.H: Classify matter as atoms, molecules, elements, compounds, pure substances, or mixtures.

 Limiting Reactants

2.1.I: Identify common compounds by their chemical formula

 Covalent Bonds
 Dehydration Synthesis
 Ionic Bonds
 Stoichiometry

2.1.K: Identify the relationship between atoms, molecules, elements, compounds, pure substances and mixtures.

 Limiting Reactants

2.1.M: Define ionic and covalent bonds.

 Covalent Bonds
 Dehydration Synthesis
 Ionic Bonds

2.1.N: Compare and contrast properties of ionic and covalent bonds.

 Covalent Bonds
 Dehydration Synthesis
 Ionic Bonds

2.2: Examine, describe, compare and classify objects and substances based on common physical properties and simple chemical properties

2.2.A: Distinguish between chemical and physical properties of matter

 Mineral Identification
 Mystery Powder Analysis

2.2.B: Compare objects and substances based on their physical properties and simple chemical properties

 Mineral Identification
 Mystery Powder Analysis

2.2.C: Classify objects and substances based on common physical properties and simple chemical properties

 Mineral Identification
 Mystery Powder Analysis

2.3: Describe energy and compare and contrast the energy transformations and the characteristics of light, heat, motion, magnetism, electricity, sound and mechanical waves

2.3.B: Identify examples of various forms of energy

 Energy Conversions

2.3.C: Compare and contrast various forms of energy

 Energy Conversions

2.3.D: Explain the Law of Conservation of energy using various forms of energy transformation.

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Period of a Pendulum
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Simple Harmonic Motion

2.3.E: Describe various types of light (visible and invisible)

 Color Absorption
 Herschel Experiment
 Radiation

2.3.F: Describe the behavior of light (e.g., reflection, diffraction)

 Basic Prism
 Laser Reflection
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

2.3.G: Identify characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum

 Herschel Experiment
 Photoelectric Effect
 Radiation

2.3.H: Explain the behavior of light (particle vs. wave, reflection, diffraction, speed)

 Laser Reflection
 Photoelectric Effect
 Ray Tracing (Lenses)
 Ray Tracing (Mirrors)
 Refraction

2.3.I: Compare and contrast the three types of heat transfer

 Calorimetry Lab
 Conduction and Convection
 Energy Conversions
 Heat Absorption
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Phase Changes
 Radiation

2.3.L: Describe properties of magnetic materials

 Magnetism

2.3.P: Identify the parts of waves

 Sound Beats and Sine Waves

2.3.Q: Describe the basic properties of sound

 Longitudinal Waves
 Sound Beats and Sine Waves

2.3.R: Compare and contrast longitudinal and transverse waves

 Earthquake - Recording Station
 Longitudinal Waves

2.4: Model and explain the states of matter are dependent upon the quantity of energy present in the system and describe what will change and what will remain unchanged at the particulate level when matter experiences an external force or energy change

2.4.A: Explain the three states of matter and how they relate to temperature change

 Phase Changes

2.4.B: Explain the relationship between changes in thermal energy and states of matter (e.g., increase/decrease of thermal energy = change in state)

 Energy Conversions
 Phase Changes

2.4.C: Recognize that increase in temperature means greater average energy of motion

 Collision Theory
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Temperature and Particle Motion

2.4.D: Explain how pressure affects temperature and volume (Boyle's Law/Charles' Law)

 Boyle's Law and Charles' Law

2.5: Describe and explain the motion of an object in terms of its position, direction, and speed as well as the forces acting upon it

2.5.B: Define force

 Charge Launcher
 Force and Fan Carts

2.5.C: Explain different types of forces

 Atwood Machine
 Charge Launcher
 Force and Fan Carts
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Uniform Circular Motion

2.5.D: Identify variables that affect the motion of an object.

 Charge Launcher
 Force and Fan Carts

2.5.E: Explain, using appropriate formulas, the relationship between speed, velocity, acceleration, force, mass, and momentum

 2D Collisions
 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Freefall Laboratory
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Uniform Circular Motion

2.5.F: Explain Newton's laws of motion

 2D Collisions
 Air Track
 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics
 Force and Fan Carts
 Uniform Circular Motion

2.6: Identify, build, describe, measure, and analyze mechanical systems (e.g., simple and complex compound machines) and describe the forces acting within those systems

2.6.A: Compare and contrast simple, complex compound machines

 Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Levers
 Pulley Lab
 Torque and Moment of Inertia
 Wheel and Axle

2.6.B: Recognize that a machine makes work easier by changing the amount or direction of the force

 Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
 Gravitational Force
 Gravity Pitch
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Levers
 Pulley Lab
 Wheel and Axle

2.6.C: Identify applications of simple, complex and compound machines

 Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Levers
 Pulley Lab
 Torque and Moment of Inertia
 Wheel and Axle

2.6.D: Measure and calculate efficiency, ideal and actual mechanical advantage for simple machines using the appropriate formulas (e.g., work w=f x d)

 Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Levers
 Pulley Lab
 Torque and Moment of Inertia
 Wheel and Axle

2.6.E: Create simple and complex compound machines to examine and measure the related forces

 Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
 Atwood Machine
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Levers
 Pulley Lab
 Torque and Moment of Inertia
 Wheel and Axle

2.7: Give examples and describe how energy is transferred and conserved (e.g. electric to light and heat [light bulb], chemical to mechanical [fuel to propulsion])

2.7.A: Discuss basic (single step) energy transformations (ex: light bulb: electrical to light; food: chemical to mechanical)

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions
 Food Chain

2.7.B: Discuss multi-step energy transformations (ex: coal: chemical to thermal to mechanical to electricity)

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions

2.7.C: The relationship between energy transformations and conservation of energy.

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy Conversions
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Period of a Pendulum
 Roller Coaster Physics
 Simple Harmonic Motion

3: Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of characteristics, structures and function of living things, the process and diversity of life, and how living organisms interact with each other and their environment.

3.1: Compare the structure and function of prokaryotic cells (bacteria) and eukaryotic cells (plant, animal, etc.) including the levels of organization of the structure and function, particularly with humans

3.1.A: Identify and observe single-celled and multicellular organisms

 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.1.B: Define nucleus, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

 Building DNA
 Cell Structure
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

3.1.D: Identify and describe the functions of cell organelles in meeting the needs of cells

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Cell Structure
 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.1.E: Define cell, tissue, organ, system, and organism

 Circulatory System

3.1.F: Illustrate the hierarchal relationships of cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and organisms

 Circulatory System

3.2: Explain how organisms and systems of organisms obtain and use energy resources to maintain stable conditions (e.g., food webs, photosynthesis, respiration)

3.2.A: Investigate and describe respiration as a process by which organisms (plants and animals) use the energy from sugars to carry out life functions.

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Photosynthesis Lab

3.2.C: Diagram the flow of energy through photosynthesis and its decomposition through respiration and fermentation

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
 Photosynthesis Lab
 Pond Ecosystem

3.2.D: Analyze energy movement in biomes (food webs and pyramids)

 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.2.E: Classify organisms in food webs based upon characteristics (e.g., physical and behavior)

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.3: Communicate the differences in the reproductive processes of a variety of plants and animals using the principles of genetic modeling (e.g., Punnet squares)

3.3.A: Explain the function of a chromosome

 Human Karyotyping
 Paramecium Homeostasis

3.3.D: Identify the purposes of cell division

 Cell Division

3.3.E: Describe the key events in each phase of mitosis

 Cell Division

3.3.F: Identify the differences in mitosis and meiosis

 Cell Division

3.3.G: Differentiate between sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction

 Cell Division

3.3.H: Define and identify gene, inheritance, phenotype, and genotype

 Chicken Genetics
 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Human Karyotyping
 Microevolution
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)
 Natural Selection

3.3.I: Define and identify dominant and recessive traits

 Chicken Genetics
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.J: Identify examples of inherited characteristics

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Microevolution
 Natural Selection

3.3.L: Define Punnett square and genetic cross

 Chicken Genetics
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.M: Predict genetic crosses using Punnett squares

 Chicken Genetics
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3.N: Interpret simple genetic crosses using Punnett squares

 Chicken Genetics
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.4: Investigate and explain the interdependent nature of populations and communities in the environment and describe how species in these populations adapt by evolving

3.4.A: Distinguish between a population and a community

 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.B: Identify living and non-living factors that effect populations and communities

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem

3.4.C: Identify the different types of symbiosis and their positive and negative effects

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

3.4.D: Explain how populations are impacted by changes in living and non-living factors in the environment

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem
 Rabbit Population by Season

3.4.E: Explain and provide examples of adaptations

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Natural Selection
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

3.4.F: Define natural selection

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Natural Selection

3.4.G: Explain the relationship between adaptations and natural selection

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Natural Selection
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

3.4.H: Identify natural selection as a mechanism for evolution

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Natural Selection

3.4.I: Identify lines of evidence that support evolution.

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.4.J: Explain how the fossil record provides evidence of life forms' appearance, diversification, and extinction

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Natural Selection

3.5: Create and use a basic classification scheme to identify plants and animals

3.5.A: Explain the relationship between kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.5.C: Create and use a basic classification scheme to identify plants and animals.

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

4: Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of the composition, structures, processes and interactions of Earth?s systems and other objects in space.

4.1: Model and explain the internal structure of the earth and describe the formation and composition of earth?s external features in terms of the rock cycle and plate tectonics and constructive and destructive forces

4.1.A: Identify internal structures of the earth and their characteristics

 Solar System

4.1.D: Explain the movement of plates over time.

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.E: Explain or model the differences between Oceanic and Continental plates.

 Plate Tectonics

4.1.F: Model and explain constructive forces on the earth (i.e., plate tectonics).

 Plate Tectonics
 Solar System

4.1.G: Compare and contrast types of rocks formed from different earth processes

 Rock Classification
 Solar System

4.2: Differentiate between rock types and mineral types and classify both by how they are formed and the utilization by humans

4.2.A: Make use of common rock and mineral identification tests to identify rocks and minerals, including common Montana rocks and minerals

 Rock Classification

4.2.B: List how rocks and minerals are used in daily life.

 Rock Classification

4.2.C: Explain the importance of the mining industry in Montana and the uses of rocks and minerals.

 Rock Classification

4.2.D: Diagram the interaction between igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks through the rock cycle

 Rock Cycle

4.3: Use fossils to describe the geologic timeline

4.3.B: Categorize the predominant organisms that appear within each major division of geologic time

 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

4.4: Describe the water cycle, the composition and structure of the atmosphere and the impact of oceans on large-scale weather patterns

4.4.B: Identify, diagram and label the components of the water cycle

 Water Cycle

4.4.D: Explain how ocean currents are caused by convection currents

 Conduction and Convection

4.4.E: Explain the impact of ocean currents on large-scale weather patterns.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds

4.5: Describe and model the motion and tilt of earth in relation to the sun, and explain the concepts of day, night, seasons, year, and climatic changes

4.5.A: Explain, using a model, how the Earth rotates and revolves around the sun.

 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?
 Solar System

4.5.C: Explain how Earth's tilt and revolution affects climate zones

 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?

4.5.E: Predict how a change in planetary movement would change Earth's days, seasons, years and climate.

 Moon Phases
 Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases
 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
 Seasons: Why do we have them?
 Tides

4.6: Describe the earth, moon, planets and other objects in space in terms of size, force of gravity, structure, and movement in relation to the sun

4.6.A: Describe the earth, moon, planets and other objects in space in terms of relative size and stucture.

 Solar System
 Solar System Explorer

4.6.B: Identify that planets in our solar system have different lenghts of orbits and periods of rotation around the sun.

 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
 Rotation/Revolution of Venus and Earth
 Solar System
 Solar System Explorer

4.6.C: Discuss how length of orbit and period of rotation affects length of years and days

 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
 Solar System Explorer

4.6.D: Compare and contrast the length of days and years on different planets.

 Solar System
 Solar System Explorer

4.6.E: Describe the role of gravity in the orbit of moons around planets and planets around the sun.

 Gravitational Force
 Gravity Pitch
 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
 Rotation/Revolution of Venus and Earth
 Solar System
 Tides

4.7: Identify scientific theories about the origin and evolution of the earth and solar system

4.7.B: Recognize that the sun and planets formed from the accretion of dust and gases

 Solar System
 Solar System Explorer

4.7.C: Identify how planets, such as the Earth, changed after their formation

 Solar System

Correlation last revised: 5/17/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.