2: Describe and explain how forces affect motion.
2.a: Demonstrate and explain the basic principles of Newton?s three laws of motion including calculations of acceleration, force, and momentum.
2.a.1: Inertia and distance-time graphs to determine average speed
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
2.a.2: Net force (accounting for gravity, friction, and air resistance) and the resulting motion of objects
2.a.3: Effects of the gravitational force on objects on Earth and effects on planetary and lunar motion
Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
2.a.4: Simple harmonic motion (oscillation)
Period of Mass on a Spring
Period of a Pendulum
Simple Harmonic Motion
2.b: Explain the connection between force, work, and energy.
2.b.1: Force exerted over a distance (results in work done)
2.b.3: Net work on an object which contributes to change in kinetic energy (work-to-energy theorem)
Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
2.c: Describe (with supporting details and diagrams) how the kinetic energy of an object can be converted into potential energy (the energy of position) and how energy is transferred or transformed (conservation of energy).
Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics
2.d: Draw and assess conclusions about charges and electric current.
2.d.2: Elements in an electric circuit that are in series or parallel
2.d.3: Conductors and insulators
2.e: Cite evidence and explain the application of electric currents and magnetic fields as they relate to their use in everyday living (e.g., the application of fields in motors and generators and the concept of electric current using Ohm?s Law
3: Demonstrate an understanding of general properties and characteristics of waves.
3.a: Differentiate among transverse, longitudinal, and surface waves as they propagate through a medium (e.g., string, air, water, steel beam).
3.b: Compare properties of waves (e.g., superposition, interference, refraction, reflection, diffraction, Doppler Effect) and explain the connection among the quantities (e.g., wavelength, frequency, period, amplitude, and velocity).
Doppler Shift Advanced
Sound Beats and Sine Waves
3.c: Classify the electromagnetic spectrum?s regions according to frequency and/or wavelength and draw conclusions about their impact on life.
3.c.1: The emission of light by electrons when moving from higher to lower levels
3.c.2: Energy (photons as quanta of light)
4: Develop an understanding of the atom.
4.a: Cite evidence to summarize the atomic theory.
4.a.1: Models for atoms
Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction
4.a.2: Hund?s rule and Aufbau process to specify the electron configuration of elements
4.c: Research the history of the periodic table of the elements and summarize the contributions which led to the atomic theory.
4.c.2: Technology (e.g., x-rays, cathode-ray tubes, spectroscopes)
4.d: Utilize the periodic table to predict and explain patterns and draw conclusions about the structure, properties, and organization of matter.
4.d.1: Atomic composition and valence electron configuration (e.g., atomic number, mass number of protons, neutrons, electrons, isotopes, and ions)
4.d.2: Periodic trends using the periodic table (e.g., valence, reactivity, atomic radius)
4.d.3: Average atomic mass from isotopic abundance
4.d.5: Periodic properties of elements (e.g., metal/nonmetal/metalloid behavior, electrical/heat conductivity, electronegativity, electron affinity, ionization energy, atomic/covalent/ionic radius) and how they relate to position in the periodic table
5: Investigate and apply principles of physical and chemical changes in matter. a. Write chemical formulas for compounds comprising monatomic and polyatomic ions.
5.b: Balance chemical equations.
Balancing Chemical Equations
5.c: Classify types of chemical reactions (e,g., composition, decomposition, single displacement, double displacement, combustion, acid/base reactions).
Balancing Chemical Equations
Equilibrium and Concentration
Correlation last revised: 1/23/2020