### 2: Describe and explain how forces affect motion.

#### 2.a: Demonstrate and explain the basic principles of Newton?s three laws of motion including calculations of acceleration, force, and momentum.

2.a.1: Inertia and distance-time graphs to determine average speed

2.a.2: Net force (accounting for gravity, friction, and air resistance) and the resulting motion of objects

2.a.3: Effects of the gravitational force on objects on Earth and effects on planetary and lunar motion

2.a.4: Simple harmonic motion (oscillation)

#### 2.b: Explain the connection between force, work, and energy.

2.b.1: Force exerted over a distance (results in work done)

2.b.3: Net work on an object which contributes to change in kinetic energy (work-to-energy theorem)

#### 2.d: Draw and assess conclusions about charges and electric current.

2.d.2: Elements in an electric circuit that are in series or parallel

2.d.3: Conductors and insulators

### 3: Demonstrate an understanding of general properties and characteristics of waves.

#### 3.c: Classify the electromagnetic spectrum?s regions according to frequency and/or wavelength and draw conclusions about their impact on life.

3.c.1: The emission of light by electrons when moving from higher to lower levels

3.c.2: Energy (photons as quanta of light)

### 4: Develop an understanding of the atom.

#### 4.a: Cite evidence to summarize the atomic theory.

4.a.1: Models for atoms

4.a.2: Hund?s rule and Aufbau process to specify the electron configuration of elements

#### 4.c: Research the history of the periodic table of the elements and summarize the contributions which led to the atomic theory.

4.c.2: Technology (e.g., x-rays, cathode-ray tubes, spectroscopes)

#### 4.d: Utilize the periodic table to predict and explain patterns and draw conclusions about the structure, properties, and organization of matter.

4.d.1: Atomic composition and valence electron configuration (e.g., atomic number, mass number of protons, neutrons, electrons, isotopes, and ions)

4.d.2: Periodic trends using the periodic table (e.g., valence, reactivity, atomic radius)

4.d.3: Average atomic mass from isotopic abundance

4.d.5: Periodic properties of elements (e.g., metal/nonmetal/metalloid behavior, electrical/heat conductivity, electronegativity, electron affinity, ionization energy, atomic/covalent/ionic radius) and how they relate to position in the periodic table

### 5: Investigate and apply principles of physical and chemical changes in matter. a. Write chemical formulas for compounds comprising monatomic and polyatomic ions.

#### 5.c: Classify types of chemical reactions (e,g., composition, decomposition, single displacement, double displacement, combustion, acid/base reactions).

Correlation last revised: 5/21/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.