2: Analyze chemical and physical changes and interactions involving energy and forces that affect motion of objects.
2.a: Recognize that atoms of a given element are all alike but atoms of other elements have different atomic structures.
2.c: Investigate and describe the effects of forces acting on objects.
2.c.1: Gravity, friction, magnetism, drag, lift, and thrust
Force and Fan Carts
Free Fall Tower
2.c.2: Forces affecting the motion of objects
Force and Fan Carts
2.d: Investigate the mechanical and chemical forms of energy and demonstrate the transformations from one form to another.
2.d.2: Mechanical energy transformed to another form of energy (e.g., vibrations, heat through friction)
Energy Conversion in a System
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
2.d.3: Chemical energy transformed to another form of energy (e.g., light wands, lightning bugs, batteries, bulbs)
2.e: Apply the laws of reflection and refraction to explain everyday phenomena.
2.e.1: Properties of reflection, refraction, transmission, and absorption of light
2.g: Predict and explain factors that affect the flow of heat in solids, liquids, and gases.
2.g.2: Conduction, convection, or radiation factors used to enhance the flow of heat
Conduction and Convection
Heat Transfer by Conduction
3: Explain the organization of living things, the flow of matter and energy through ecosystems, the diversity and interactions among populations, and the natural and human-made pressures that impact the environment.
3.a: Describe and predict interactions (among and within populations) and the effects of these interactions on population growth to include the effects on available resources.
3.a.1: How cooperation, competition and predation affect population growth
3.a.3: How natural selection acts on a population of organisms in a particular environment via enhanced reproductive success
Rainfall and Bird Beaks
3.b: Compare and contrast structure and function in living things to include cells and whole organisms.
3.b.1: Hierarchy of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems to their functions in an organism
3.b.2: Function of plant and animal cell parts (vacuoles, nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall, chloroplast)
Cell Energy Cycle
3.b.3: Vascular and nonvascular plants, flowering and non-flowering plants, deciduous and coniferous trees
3.c: Distinguish between the organization and development of humans to include the effects of disease.
3.c.1: How systems work together (e.g., respiratory, circulatory)
3.c.2: Fertilization, early cell division, implantation, embryonic and fetal development, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age
3.d: Describe and summarize how an egg and sperm unite in the reproduction of angiosperms and gymnosperms.
3.d.1: The path of the sperm cells to the egg cell in the ovary of a flower
3.d.2: The structures and functions of parts of a seed in the formation of a plant and of fruits
3.e: Construct a diagram of the path of solar energy through food webs that include humans and explain how the organisms relate to each other.
3.e.1: Autotrophs and heterotrophs, producers, consumers and decomposers
4: Establish connections among Earth?s layers including the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.
4.a: Compare and contrast the relative positions and components of the Earth?s crust (e.g., mantle, liquid and solid core, continental crust, oceanic crust).
4.b: Draw conclusions about historical processes that contribute to the shaping of planet Earth.
4.b.1: Movements of the continents through time
4.b.2: Continental plates, subduction zones, trenches, etc.
4.d: Summarize the causes and effects of pollution on people and the environment (e.g., air pollution, ground pollution, chemical pollution) and justify how and why pollution should be minimized.
Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
4.e: Explain the daily and annual changes in the Earth?s rotation and revolution.
4.e.1: How the positions of the moon and the sun affect tides
4.e.2: The phases of the moon (e.g., new, crescent, half, gibbous, full, waxing, waning)
Phases of the Moon
4.f: Differentiate between objects in the universe (e.g., stars, moons, solar systems, asteroids, galaxies).
4.g: Research and cite evidence of current resources in Earth?s systems.
4.g.1: Resources such as fuels, metals, fresh water, wetlands, and farmlands
4.g.3: Factors that contribute to and result from runoff (e.g., water cycle, groundwater, drainage basin (watershed)
Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018