8.2: Physical Science

8.2.1: Matter Pure substances can be identified by properties which are independent of the sample of the substance and the properties can be explained by a model of matter that is composed of small particles. Use physical properties to distinguish between metals and non-metals.

 Mineral Identification Substances can undergo physical and/or chemical changes which may change the properties of the substance but do not change the total mass in a closed system. Identify evidence of chemical changes, including color change, generation of a gas, solid formation and temperature change.

 Chemical Changes Distinguish between chemical and physical changes in matter.

 Chemical Changes
 Density Experiment: Slice and Dice Use the particle model of matter to explain how mass is conserved during physical and chemical changes in a closed system.

 Chemical Equations Recognize that acids are compounds whose properties include a sour taste, characteristic color changes with litmus and other acid/base indicators, and the tendency to react with bases to produce a salt and water.

 pH Analysis
 pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

8.2.3: Energy Waves involve the transfer of energy without the transfer of matter. Explain how seismic waves transfer energy through the layers of the Earth and across its surface.

 Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station

8.3: Earth and Space Science

8.3.1: Earth Structure and Processes The movement of tectonic plates results from interactions among the lithosphere, mantle and core. Correlate the distribution of ocean trenches, mid-ocean ridges and mountain ranges to volcanic and seismic activity.

 Plate Tectonics Recognize that major geological events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain building, result from the slow movement of tectonic plates.

 Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
 Plate Tectonics Landforms are the result of the combination of constructive and destructive processes. Explain how landforms result from the processes of crustal deformation, volcanic eruptions, weathering, erosion and deposition of sediment.

 Plate Tectonics Rocks and rock formations indicate evidence of the materials and conditions that produced them. Classify and identify rocks and minerals using characteristics including, but not limited to, density, hardness and streak for minerals; and texture and composition for rocks.

 Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
 Mineral Identification

8.3.2: Interdependence Within the Earth System The sun is the principal external energy source for the Earth. Explain how the combination of the Earth's tilted axis and revolution around the sun causes the progression of seasons.

 Seasons Around the World
 Seasons in 3D
 Seasons: Why do we have them? Explain how heating of the Earth's surface and atmosphere by the sun drives convection within the atmosphere and hydrosphere producing winds, ocean currents and the water cycle, as well as influencing global climate.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Water Cycle Patterns of atmospheric movement influence global climate and local weather. Analyze changes in wind direction, temperature, humidity and air pressure and relate them to fronts and pressure systems.

 Weather Maps Relate global weather patterns to patterns in regional and local weather.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Hurricane Motion
 Weather Maps

8.3.3: The Universe The Earth is the third planet from the sun in a system that includes the moon, the sun, seven other planets and their moons, and smaller objects. Compare and contrast the sizes, locations, and compositions of the planets and moons in our solar system.

 Comparing Earth and Venus
 Solar System Explorer Use the predictable motions of the Earth around its own axis and around the sun, and of the moon around the Earth, to explain day length, the phases of the moon, and eclipses.

 2D Eclipse
 3D Eclipse
 Phases of the Moon

8.3.4: Human Interactions with Earth Systems In order to maintain and improve their existence, humans interact with and influence Earth systems. Recognize that land and water use practices affect natural processes and that natural processes interfere and interact with human systems.

 Carbon Cycle

Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.