Program of Studies
SC.8.STM: Structure and Transformation of Matter (Physical Science)
SC.8.STM.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings
SC.8.STM.U.1: all matter is made of tiny moving particles called atoms, which are far too small to see directly through a microscope. The atoms of any element are alike but are different from atoms of other elements.
SC.8.STM.U.3: elements do not break down during chemical reactions (e.g., heating, exposure to electric currents, reaction with acids).
SC.8.STM.U.4: the idea of atoms explains the conservation of matter: If the number of atoms stays the same no matter how they are rearranged, then their total mass stays the same. The atoms that are present today are the same atoms that have always existed.
SC.8.STM.S: Skills and Concepts
SC.8.STM.S.1: classify substances by how they react in given situations
SC.8.STM.S.2: analyze models/representations of elements and basic atomic structure
SC.8.STM.S.3: describe and illustrate the movement of elements between organisms and their physical environment and within the Earth system
SC.8.STM.S.4: analyze factors that may influence the movement of elements among the solid Earth, oceans, atmosphere and organisms
SC.8.STM.S.5: investigate the relationship between the seemingly indestructible nature of the atom and the concept of conservation of matter
SC.8.MF.U.2: preconceived expectations can influence what people actually observe, preventing them from detecting other results. In order to maintain objectivity, different investigators should investigate the same question independently. For example, Newton?s Laws are widely accepted because they have been verified by so many different observers.
SC.8.EU.S.2: identify a variety of landforms on the Earth?s surface that have undergone changes (both fast and slow) and investigate the forces responsible for those changes
SC.8.UD.U.1: all cells contain specialized parts that are structured to efficiently perform the cell?s essential functions.
SC.8.UD.U.3: organisms have nervous systems that allow them to react to changes in their surroundings and within themselves. Some of their reactions (e.g. pain response) are determined genetically while others (e.g. pushing a button to obtain food) are learned.
SC.8.UD.U.4: patterns (e.g. reproductive method, number of body segments, type of skeleton) are helpful in classifying organisms based on how they are related. Science considers details of internal and external structures to be more important than behavior or general appearance.
SC.8.UD.S.1: investigate, model and explain the functions of the specialized parts within the cell
SC.8.UD.S.3: investigate how the nervous systems of various organisms allow them to react (e.g. vomiting, avoidance) to internal (e.g., food toxins) and external (e.g., predator encounter) stimuli
SC.8.UD.S.4: describe the role of genes/chromosomes in the passing of information from one generation to another (heredity)
SC.8.BC.S.3: research the most common fossils used to support theories of biological change
SC.8.ET.U.1: energy can be transferred in many ways, but it can neither be created nor destroyed.
SC.8.ET.U.6: changes that occur to any one component of an ecosystem may influence the entire system, since all of the components are interrelated. The relationships that exist can be determined by observing the flow of energy.
SC.8.ET.S.1: explain the law of conservation of energy and infer where energy goes in a number of real-life energy transformations
SC.8.ET.S.2: identify the energy transformations that occur in the ?production?, transmission and use of energy by people in everyday life (e.g., electric power, automotive fuels, food)
SC.8.ET.S.3: illustrate examples of potential and kinetic energy in everyday life, such as objects at rest, geologic fault movement and falling water
SC.8.ET.S.5: classify methods of heat transfer (convection, conduction, radiation) and forms of energy (kinetic, potential, energy contained within a field)
SC.8.ET.S.8: graphically represent energy flow within an ecosystem to identify the existing relationships
SC.8.ET.S.9: analyze ecosystems to identify the factors that determine carrying capacities
SC.8.I.U.2: the matter in an ecosystem is constantly transferred between and among organisms and the physical environment. While the form and location is continuously changing, the total amount of matter in the system remains constant.
SC.8.I.S.3: model the flow of energy and transfer of matter within ecosystems, communities and niches
SC.8.I.S.5: identify examples of human actions that have had unintended environmental consequences (e.g., DDT weakening egg shells, lead-based paint, asbestos insulation)
Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017