Gravity Pitch

Imagine a gigantic pitcher standing on Earth, ready to hurl a huge baseball. What will happen as the ball is thrown harder and harder? Find out with the Gravity Pitch Gizmo. Observe the path of the ball when it is thrown at different velocities. Throw the ball on different planets to see how each planet's gravity affects the ball.

  Launch Gizmo
HTML5

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

  • Observe that gravity causes objects to fall toward the center of Earth.
  • Observe that when a ball is thrown, its path is bent by gravity toward Earth.
  • Notice that when the ball is thrown with a high enough velocity, it will go into orbit around Earth. If it is thrown even harder, it will fly off into space.
  • Find the orbital velocity and escape velocity of objects on Earth and other planets.
  • Use controlled experiments to discover that gravity becomes stronger as a planet's mass increases and weaker as a planet's radius increases.
VOCABULARY:
  • escape velocity, gravity, orbit, orbital velocity, trajectory, velocity

LESSON MATERIALS:

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