### S.HS.P: Physics Content

#### (Framing Text): Forces and Interactions

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.1: analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.2: use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.3: evaluate the conservation of energy and momentum and deduce solutions for elastic and inelastic collisions.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.4: apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.5: use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.6: plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.7: assess the magnitude of buoyant force on submerged and floating objects.

#### (Framing Text): Energy

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.11: create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.12: evaluate the conservation of energy and momentum and deduce solutions for elastic and inelastic collisions.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.13: develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects).

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.14: design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.15: plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.16: develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.17: construct and analyze electrical circuits and calculate Ohm’s law problems for series and parallel circuits.

#### (Framing Text): Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.19: use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.

S.HS.P.21: evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.22: evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.

WV.NGCSO.SCI.S.HS.P.24: apply ray optics diagrams to lenses and mirrors; use the lens/mirror equation and the magnification equation to solve optics problems; justify the image results obtained by diagramming the ray optics of lenses and mirrors and/or by deducing the image information from the lens/mirror equation.

Correlation last revised: 5/20/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.